Lynne Steinbach, MD

Professor Emeritus
Prof of Clinical Radiology

Biography

Lynne Steinbach, MD, is Professor Emeritus of Clinical Radiology and Orthopaedic Surgery, and she is one of the country’s top radiologists in sports imaging. Dr. Steinbach earned her bachelor's degree in Human Biology at Stanford University followed by a medical degree from the Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1979. She completed her residency in Diagnostic Radiology from the New York Hospital, Cornell University, followed by a fellowship in Musculoskeletal Radiology from the Hospital for Special Surgery, Cornell University, New York.

A former Chief of Musculoskeletal Imaging at UCSF and now Musculoskeletal Imaging Fellowship director, Dr. Steinbach’s current research focuses on various aspects of musculoskeletal MR imaging. Current projects include research in the areas of MR arthrography, shoulder and elbow MR imaging, MR neurography on MRI including evaluation of the ulnar nerve, and evaluation of sciatica at the hamstring level, correlation of clinical findings of ACL reconstruction with MRI, rotator cuff evaluation on MRI including fatty infiltration of the rotator cuff muscles, and the postoperative shoulder. Dr. Steinbach has published 172 articles, 167 abstracts, 4 books, and 49 book chapters.

Dr. Steinbach is a fellow of the American College of Radiology. Offices held in other organizations have included President of the American Association for Women Radiologists and of the San Francisco Radiological Society, Nominating Chair for the International Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Chair of the Education Committee for the Society of Skeletal Radiology, and Membership Chair of both the Society of Skeletal Radiology and the International Skeletal Society.

Dr. Steinbach was named the 2018 recipient of the International Skeletal Society’s Founders Medal. She has received several awards during her career including the President’s Medal from the International Skeletal Society, Outstanding Teaching awards from UC San Francisco Department of Radiology and the International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, along with the Distinguished Alumni award from Drexel School of Medicine. She was an invited radiologist to the Salt Lake City Olympics and has been a member of the Editorial Boards of Radiology, Skeletal Radiology, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology. She is a Consulting Editor for the MRI Clinics. She has received Editor’s recognition awards from the journals Radiology, JMRI, Skeletal Radiology and from the European Journal of Radiology and has been a grant reviewer for the NIH as well as the RSNA Research and Education Foundation. Dr. Steinbach has served on the Boards of Trustees for the International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and the International Skeletal Society.

Expertise:
Musculoskeletal imaging

Specialty:
Sports imaging

Professional Interests:
Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology, radiology, rheumatology, orthopaedic surgery, metabolic bone disease, MRI, CT, radiographs. musculoskeletal imaging, joint MRI, shoulder, ankle, hip, wrist, knee, elbow, tumor, sports medicine, AIDS, arthritis, cartilage, osteoporosis, spine, nerves, muscle

Education and Training:
• Medical School: The Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
• Internship: New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry Newark, New Jersey - Internal Medicine
• Residency: The New York Hospital, Cornell University, New York - Diagnostic Radiology
• Fellowship: Hospital For Special Surgery, Cornell University, New York - Musculoskeletal Radiology

Honors and Awards

Founders Medal, International Skeletal Society, 2018
John Evans Lecture, Weill Cornell Dept of Radiology New York City, 2018
President, International Skeletal Society, 2014-2016
Outstanding Teaching Award, Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 2012
Sante Lecture, St Louis Radiological Society, 2012
Consulting Editor, MRI Clinics, 2011-2018
Distinguished Reviewer, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2011-2013
Distinguished Reviewer, Skeletal Radiology, 2011-2013
Fellow, International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 2010
Editorial Boards, Radiology, Skeletal Radiology, JMRI, Seminars in Skeletal Radiology, 1996-2013
Fellow, American College of Radiology, 1996
President's Medal, International Skeletal Society, 1996
President, San Francisco Radiological Society, 1996
Hideyo Minagi Outstanding Teaching Award, University of California, San Francisco, 1996
President, American Association for Women Radiologists, 1994
Editor's Recognition Award, Radiology, 1992-2015

Publications

Srinivasan R, Wan J, Allen CR, Steinbach LS. Knee Imaging Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: The Surgeon's and Radiologist's Perspectives. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2018 Sep; 22(4):386-397.
Kaniewska M, Steinbach LS, Neurauter U, Anderson SE. Lipidus migrans-a radiology imaging feature after ankle injury. Skeletal Radiol. 2018 May 21.
Steinbach LS. Breast MR Imaging. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2018 May; 26(2):xi-xii.
Alaia EF, Rosenberg ZS, Rossi I, Zember J, Roedl JB, Pinkney L, Steinbach LS. Growth plate injury at the base of the coracoid: MRI features. Skeletal Radiol. 2017 Nov; 46(11):1507-1512.
Varenika V, Harter J, Chu E, Steinbach L. The posterolateral approach for fluoroscopy-guided tibiotalar joint injection. Skeletal Radiol. 2017 Aug; 46(8):1113-1115.
De Cecco CN, Schoepf UJ, Steinbach L, Boll DT, Foley WD, Kaza RK, Bolus DN, Morgan DE, Sahani DV, Shuman WP, Siegel MJ, Vrtiska TJ, Yeh BM, Berland LL. White Paper of the Society of Computed Body Tomography and Magnetic Resonance on Dual-Energy CT, Part 3: Vascular, Cardiac, Pulmonary, and Musculoskeletal Applications. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2017 Jan; 41(1):1-7.
Steinbach LS. Foreword. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2017 Feb; 25(1):xv-xvi.
Gersing AS, Schwaiger BJ, Heilmeier U, Joseph GB, Facchetti L, Kretzschmar M, Lynch JA, McCulloch CE, Nevitt MC, Steinbach LS, Link TM. Evaluation of Chondrocalcinosis and Associated Knee Joint Degeneration Using MR Imaging: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Eur Radiol. 2017 Jun; 27(6):2497-2506.
Bucknor MD, Stevens KJ, Steinbach LS. Elbow Imaging in Sport: Sports Imaging Series. Radiology. 2016 07; 280(1):328.
Bucknor MD, Stevens KJ, Steinbach LS. Elbow Imaging in Sport: Sports Imaging Series. Radiology. 2016 Apr; 279(1):12-28.
Jacquot C, Szymanska J, Nemana LJ, Steinbach LS, Horvai AE. Soft-tissue aneurysmal bone cyst with translocation t(17;17)(p13;q21) corresponding to COL1A1 and USP6 loci. Skeletal Radiol. 2015 Nov; 44(11):1695-9.
Steinbach LS. Foreword. MR Imaging of the Elbow and Wrist. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 Aug; 23(3):xi.
Walz DM, Burge AJ, Steinbach L. Imaging of shoulder instability. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2015 Jul; 19(3):254-68.
Lance V, Heilmeier UR, Joseph GB, Steinbach L, Ma B, Link TM. MR imaging characteristics and clinical symptoms related to displaced meniscal flap tears. Skeletal Radiol. 2015 Mar; 44(3):375-84.
Steinbach LS. MRI of the knee. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2014 Nov; 22(4):xiii.
Steinbach LS. Cardiac imaging. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 Feb; 23(1):xv.
Meraj S, Bencardino JT, Steinbach L. Imaging of cysts and bursae about the shoulder. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2014 Sep; 18(4):436-47.
Motamedi D, Everist BM, Mahanty SR, Steinbach LS. Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 1--normal anatomy and anatomic variants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Sep; 203(3):501-7.
Motamedi D, Everist BM, Mahanty SR, Steinbach LS. Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 2--biceps tendon, bursae and cysts, incidental and postsurgical findings, and artifacts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Sep; 203(3):508-15.
Nardo L, Ma BC, Steinbach LS. Lesser tuberosity avulsions in adolescents. HSS J. 2014 Oct; 10(3):201-7.
Bucknor MD, Steinbach LS, Saloner D, Chin CT. Magnetic resonance neurography evaluation of chronic extraspinal sciatica after remote proximal hamstring injury: a preliminary retrospective analysis. J Neurosurg. 2014 Aug; 121(2):408-14.
Beltran LS, Bencardino JT, Steinbach LS. Postoperative MRI of the shoulder. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Dec; 40(6):1280-97.
Rossi I, Bencardino JT, Rosenberg ZS, Steinbach L. International Skeletal Society outreach in Argentina. Skeletal Radiol. 2014 Apr; 43(4):419-21.
Steinbach LS. Breast MRI. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2013 Aug; 21(3):xi.
Nardo L, Sandman DN, Virayavanich W, Zhang L, Souza RB, Steinbach L, Guindani M, Link TM. Bone marrow changes related to disuse. Eur Radiol. 2013 Dec; 23(12):3422-31.
Nazarian LN, Jacobson JA, Benson CB, Bancroft LW, Bedi A, McShane JM, Miller TT, Parker L, Smith J, Steinbach LS, Teefey SA, Thiele RG, Tuite MJ, Wise JN, Yamaguchi K. Imaging algorithms for evaluating suspected rotator cuff disease: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus conference statement. Radiology. 2013 May; 267(2):589-95.
De Filippo M, de Filippo M, Castagna A, Steinbach LS, Silva M, Concari G, Pedrazzi G, Pogliacomi F, Sverzellati N, Petriccioli D, Vitale M, Ceccarelli F, Zompatori M, Rossi C. Reproducible noninvasive method for evaluation of glenoid bone loss by multiplanar reconstruction curved computed tomographic imaging using a cadaveric model. Arthroscopy. 2013 Mar; 29(3):471-7.
Steinbach LS, Stevens KJ. Imaging of cysts and bursae about the knee. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 May; 51(3):433-54.
Srikhum W, Nardo L, Karampinos DC, Melkus G, Poulos T, Steinbach LS, Link TM. Magnetic resonance imaging of ankle tendon pathology: benefits of additional axial short-tau inversion recovery imaging to reduce magic angle effects. Skeletal Radiol. 2013 Apr; 42(4):499-510.
Kaplan P, Baris H, De Meirleir L, Di Rocco M, El-Beshlawy A, Huemer M, Martins AM, Nascu I, Rohrbach M, Steinbach L, Cohen IJ. Revised recommendations for the management of Gaucher disease in children. Eur J Pediatr. 2013 Apr; 172(4):447-58.
Rhee RB, Chan KK, Lieu JG, Kim BS, Steinbach LS. MR and CT arthrography of the shoulder. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2012 Feb; 16(1):3-14.
Majumdar S, Link TM, Steinbach LS, Hu S, Kurhanewicz J. Diagnostic tools and imaging methods in intervertebral disk degeneration. Orthop Clin North Am. 2011 Oct; 42(4):501-11, viii.
Keen NN, Chin CT, Engstrom JW, Saloner D, Steinbach LS. Diagnosing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow using magnetic resonance neurography. Skeletal Radiol. 2012 Apr; 41(4):401-7.
Steinbach LS, Suh KJ. Bone marrow edema pattern around the knee on magnetic resonance imaging excluding acute traumatic lesions. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2011 Jul; 15(3):208-20.
Giaconi JC, Link TM, Vail TP, Fisher Z, Hong R, Singh R, Steinbach LS. Morbidity of direct MR arthrography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Apr; 196(4):868-74.
Giaconi JC, Ries MD, Steinbach LS. Stun gun induced myotendinous injury of the iliopsoas and gluteus minimus. Skeletal Radiol. 2011 Jun; 40(6):783-7.
Cheung S, Dillon E, Tham SC, Feeley BT, Link TM, Steinbach L, Ma CB. The presence of fatty infiltration in the infraspinatus: its relation with the condition of the supraspinatus tendon. Arthroscopy. 2011 Apr; 27(4):463-70.
Tham SC, Horvai AE, Link T, Steinbach L. Soft tissue mass at the infrascapular fossa. Skeletal Radiol. 2011 Jan; 40(1):105-6, 123-4.
Tham SC, Horvai AE, Link T, Steinbach L. Soft tissue mass at the infrascapular fossa. Skeletal Radiol. 2010 Apr 15.
Tham SC, Horvai AE, Link T, Steinbach L. Soft tissue mass at the infrascapular fossa. Skeletal Radiol. 2010 Apr 14.
Ristow O, Stehling C, Krug R, Steinbach L, Sabo G, Ambekar A, Huber M, Link TM. Isotropic 3-dimensional fast spin echo imaging versus standard 2-dimensional imaging at 3.0 T of the knee: artificial cartilage and meniscal lesions in a porcine model. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010 Mar-Apr; 34(2):260-9.
Daldrup-Link HE, Steinbach L. MR imaging of pediatric arthritis. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2009 Aug; 17(3):451-67, vi.
Giaconi JC, Allen CR, Steinbach LS. Anterior cruciate ligament graft reconstruction: clinical, technical, and imaging overview. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jun; 20(3):129-50.
Steinbach L. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lower extremity. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jun; 20(3):121.
Chundru U, Riley GM, Steinbach LS. Magnetic resonance arthrography. Radiol Clin North Am. 2009 May; 47(3):471-94.
Wong S, Steinbach L, Zhao J, Stehling C, Ma CB, Link TM. Comparative study of imaging at 3.0 T versus 1.5 T of the knee. Skeletal Radiol. 2009 Aug; 38(8):761-9.
Ristow O, Steinbach L, Sabo G, Krug R, Huber M, Rauscher I, Ma B, Link TM. Isotropic 3D fast spin-echo imaging versus standard 2D imaging at 3.0 T of the knee--image quality and diagnostic performance. Eur Radiol. 2009 May; 19(5):1263-72.
Bauer JS, Barr C, Henning TD, Malfair D, Ma CB, Steinbach L, Link TM. Magnetic resonance imaging of the ankle at 3.0 Tesla and 1.5 Tesla in human cadaver specimens with artificially created lesions of cartilage and ligaments. Invest Radiol. 2008 Sep; 43(9):604-11.
Stahl R, Luke A, Ma CB, Krug R, Steinbach L, Majumdar S, Link TM. Prevalence of pathologic findings in asymptomatic knees of marathon runners before and after a competition in comparison with physically active subjects-a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging study. Skeletal Radiol. 2008 Jul; 37(7):627-38.
Steinbach LS. Foreword for shoulder imaging volume of EJR. Eur J Radiol. 2008 Oct; 68(1):1.
Steinbach LS. MRI of shoulder instability. Eur J Radiol. 2008 Oct; 68(1):57-71.
Anderson SE, Johnston JO, Steinbach LS. Pseudotumors of the shoulder invited review. Eur J Radiol. 2008 Oct; 68(1):147-58.
Anderson SE, Steinbach LS, Schlicht S, Powell G, Davies M, Choong P. Magnetic resonance imaging of bone tumors and joints. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Dec; 18(6):457-65.
Steinbach LS. "MRI in the detection of malignant infiltration of bone marrow"--a commentary. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jun; 188(6):1443-5.
Grosse AB, Grosse CA, Steinbach LS, Zimmermann H, Anderson S. Imaging findings of avalanche victims. Skeletal Radiol. 2007 Jun; 36(6):515-21.
Grosse A, Grosse C, Steinbach L, Anderson S. MRI findings of prolonged post-traumatic sternal pain. Skeletal Radiol. 2007 May; 36(5):423-9.
Demant AW, Kocovic L, Henschkowski J, Siebenrock KA, Ferrari P, Steinbach LS, Anderson SE. Hip pain in renal transplant recipients: symptomatic gluteus minimus and gluteus medius tendon abnormality as an alternative MRI diagnosis to avascular necrosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Feb; 188(2):515-9.
Bredella MA, Steinbach LS, Morgan S, Ward M, Davis JC. MRI of the sacroiliac joints in patients with moderate to severe ankylosing spondylitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Dec; 187(6):1420-6.
Barr C, Bauer JS, Malfair D, Ma B, Henning TD, Steinbach L, Link TM. MR imaging of the ankle at 3 Tesla and 1.5 Tesla: protocol optimization and application to cartilage, ligament and tendon pathology in cadaver specimens. Eur Radiol. 2007 Jun; 17(6):1518-28.
Osinski T, Malfair D, Steinbach L. Magnetic resonance arthrography. Orthop Clin North Am. 2006 Jul; 37(3):299-319, vi.
Anderson SE, Steinbach LS, Stauffer E, Voegelin E. MRI for differentiating ganglion and synovitis in the chronic painful wrist. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Mar; 186(3):812-8.
Anderson SE, Beer KT, Banic A, Steinbach LS, Martin M, Friedrich EE, Stauffer E, Vock P, Greiner RH. MRI of merkel cell carcinoma: histologic correlation and review of the literature. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Dec; 185(6):1441-8.
Anderson SE, Hertel R, Johnston JO, Stauffer E, Leinweber E, Steinbach LS. Latissimus dorsi tendinosis and tear: imaging features of a pseudotumor of the upper limb in five patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Nov; 185(5):1145-51.
Phan CM, Link TM, Blumenkrantz G, Dunn TC, Ries MD, Steinbach LS, Majumdar S. MR imaging findings in the follow-up of patients with different stages of knee osteoarthritis and the correlation with clinical symptoms. Eur Radiol. 2006 Mar; 16(3):608-18.
Lee KY, Masi JN, Sell CA, Schier R, Link TM, Steinbach LS, Safran M, Ma B, Majumdar S. Computer-aided quantification of focal cartilage lesions using MRI: accuracy and initial arthroscopic comparison. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005 Aug; 13(8):728-37.
Masi JN, Sell CA, Phan C, Han E, Newitt D, Steinbach L, Majumdar S, Link TM. Cartilage MR imaging at 3.0 versus that at 1.5 T: preliminary results in a porcine model. Radiology. 2005 Jul; 236(1):140-50.
Masi JN, Newitt D, Sell CA, Daldrup-Link H, Steinbach L, Majumdar S, Link TM. Optimization of gadodiamide concentration for MR arthrography at 3 T. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Jun; 184(6):1754-61.
Anderson SE, Steinbach LS, Tschering-Vogel D, Martin M, Nagy L. MR imaging of avascular scaphoid nonunion before and after vascularized bone grafting. Skeletal Radiol. 2005 Jun; 34(6):314-20.
Bredella MA, Steinbach L, Caputo G, Segall G, Hawkins R. Value of FDG PET in the assessment of patients with multiple myeloma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Apr; 184(4):1199-204.
Steinbach LS. Magnetic resonance imaging of glenohumeral joint instability. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Mar; 9(1):44-55.
Tshering Vogel DW, Steinbach LS, Hertel R, Bernhard J, Stauffer E, Anderson SE. Acromioclavicular joint cyst: nine cases of a pseudotumor of the shoulder. Skeletal Radiol. 2005 May; 34(5):260-5.
Schindera ST, Triller J, Steinbach LS, Zimmermann H, Takala J, Anderson SE. Spectrum of injuries from glacial sports. Wilderness Environ Med. 2005; 16(1):33-7.
Blumenkrantz G, Lindsey CT, Dunn TC, Jin H, Ries MD, Link TM, Steinbach LS, Majumdar S. A pilot, two-year longitudinal study of the interrelationship between trabecular bone and articular cartilage in the osteoarthritic knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2004 Dec; 12(12):997-1005.
King KB, Lindsey CT, Dunn TC, Ries MD, Steinbach LS, Majumdar S. A study of the relationship between molecular biomarkers of joint degeneration and the magnetic resonance-measured characteristics of cartilage in 16 symptomatic knees. Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Oct; 22(8):1117-23.
Lee KY, Dunn TC, Steinbach LS, Ozhinsky E, Ries MD, Majumdar S. Computer-aided quantification of focal cartilage lesions of osteoarthritic knee using MRI. Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Oct; 22(8):1105-15.
Tehranzadeh J, Ter-Oganesyan RR, Steinbach LS. Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part II: non-infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 2004 Jun; 33(6):311-20.
Chung CB, Chew FS, Steinbach L. MR imaging of tendon abnormalities of the elbow. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2004 May; 12(2):233-45, vi.
Tehranzadeh J, Ter-Oganesyan RR, Steinbach LS. Musculoskeletal disorders associated with HIV infection and AIDS. Part I: infectious musculoskeletal conditions. Skeletal Radiol. 2004 May; 33(5):249-59.
Anderson SE, Steinbach LS, De Monaco D, Bonel HM, Hurtienne Y, Voegelin E. "Baby wrist": MRI of an overuse syndrome in mothers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Mar; 182(3):719-24.
Steinbach LS. Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and calcium hydroxyapatite crystal deposition diseases: imaging perspectives. Radiol Clin North Am. 2004 Jan; 42(1):185-205, vii.
Weisstein JS, Delgado E, Steinbach LS, Hart K, Packman S. Musculoskeletal manifestations of Hurler syndrome: long-term follow-up after bone marrow transplantation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Jan-Feb; 24(1):97-101.
Page WF, Hoaglund FT, Steinbach LS, Heath AC. Primary osteoarthritis of the hip in monozygotic and dizygotic male twins. Twin Res. 2003 Apr; 6(2):147-51.
Guermazi A, Taouli B, Steinbach LS, Genant HK. Are time-intensity curves helpful in differentiating between benign vertebral compression fracture and vertebral metastasis? J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Feb; 17(2):276; author reply 277.
Thornton R, Riley GM, Steinbach LS. Magnetic resonance imaging of sports injuries of the elbow. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Feb; 14(1):69-86.
Link TM, Steinbach LS, Ghosh S, Ries M, Lu Y, Lane N, Majumdar S. Osteoarthritis: MR imaging findings in different stages of disease and correlation with clinical findings. Radiology. 2003 Feb; 226(2):373-81.
Bredella MA, Caputo GR, Steinbach LS. Value of FDG positron emission tomography in conjunction with MR imaging for evaluating therapy response in patients with musculoskeletal sarcomas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Nov; 179(5):1145-50.
Biviji AA, Paiement GD, Steinbach LS. Musculoskeletal manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2002 Sep-Oct; 10(5):312-20.
Steinbach LS, Palmer WE, Schweitzer ME. Special focus session. MR arthrography. Radiographics. 2002 Sep-Oct; 22(5):1223-46.
Guermazi A, Taouli B, Steinbach LS, Genant HK. What is the role of proton MR spectroscopy of the lumbar spine in patients with glycogen storage disease type Ib? J Magn Reson Imaging. 2002 Sep; 16(3):330; author reply 330-1.
Boutin RD, Fritz RC, Steinbach LS. Imaging of sports-related muscle injuries. Radiol Clin North Am. 2002 Mar; 40(2):333-62, vii.
Beuf O, Ghosh S, Newitt DC, Link TM, Steinbach L, Ries M, Lane N, Majumdar S. Magnetic resonance imaging of normal and osteoarthritic trabecular bone structure in the human knee. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Feb; 46(2):385-93.
Anderson SE, Otsuka NY, Steinbach LS. MR Imaging of Pediatric Elbow Trauma. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 1998; 2(2):185-198.