Kevin Leu



Ellingson BM, Woodworth DC, Leu K, Salamon N, Holly LT. Spinal Cord Perfusion MR Imaging Implicates Both Ischemia and Hypoxia in the Pathogenesis of Cervical Spondylosis. World Neurosurg. 2019 Aug; 128:e773-e781.
Chakhoyan A, Yao J, Leu K, Pope WB, Salamon N, Yong W, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Everson RG, Prins RM, Liau LM, Nathanson DA, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Validation of vessel size imaging (VSI) in high-grade human gliomas using magnetic resonance imaging, image-guided biopsies, and quantitative immunohistochemistry. Sci Rep. 2019 02 26; 9(1):2846.
Ellingson BM, Abrey LE, Garcia J, Chinot O, Wick W, Saran F, Nishikawa R, Henriksson R, Mason WP, Harris RJ, Leu K, Woodworth DC, Mehta A, Raymond C, Chakhoyan A, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF. Post-chemoradiation volumetric response predicts survival in newly diagnosed glioblastoma treated with radiation, temozolomide, and bevacizumab or placebo. Neuro Oncol. 2018 10 09; 20(11):1525-1535.
Ellingson BM, Aftab DT, Schwab GM, Hessel C, Harris RJ, Woodworth DC, Leu K, Chakhoyan A, Raymond C, Drappatz J, de Groot J, Prados MD, Reardon DA, Schiff D, Chamberlain M, Mikkelsen T, Desjardins A, Holland J, Ping J, Weitzman R, Wen PY, Cloughesy TF. Volumetric response quantified using T1 subtraction predicts long-term survival benefit from cabozantinib monotherapy in recurrent glioblastoma. Neuro Oncol. 2018 09 03; 20(10):1411-1418.
Harris RJ, Yao J, Chakhoyan A, Raymond C, Leu K, Liau LM, Nghiemphu PL, Lai A, Salamon N, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Simultaneous pH-sensitive and oxygen-sensitive MRI of human gliomas at 3 T using multi-echo amine proton chemical exchange saturation transfer spin-and-gradient echo echo-planar imaging (CEST-SAGE-EPI). Magn Reson Med. 2018 11; 80(5):1962-1978.
Chakhoyan A, Leu K, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Improved Spatiotemporal Resolution of Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Perfusion MRI in Brain Tumors Using Simultaneous Multi-Slice Echo-Planar Imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 01; 39(1):43-45.
Ellingson BM, Gerstner ER, Smits M, Huang RY, Colen R, Abrey LE, Aftab DT, Schwab GM, Hessel C, Harris RJ, Chakhoyan A, Gahrmann R, Pope WB, Leu K, Raymond C, Woodworth DC, de Groot J, Wen PY, Batchelor TT, van den Bent MJ, Cloughesy TF. Diffusion MRI Phenotypes Predict Overall Survival Benefit from Anti-VEGF Monotherapy in Recurrent Glioblastoma: Converging Evidence from Phase II Trials. Clin Cancer Res. 2017 Oct 01; 23(19):5745-5756.
Leu K, Ott GA, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Pope WB, Yong WH, Liau LM, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Perfusion and diffusion MRI signatures in histologic and genetic subtypes of WHO grade II-III diffuse gliomas. J Neurooncol. 2017 Aug; 134(1):177-188.
Laiwalla AN, Kurth F, Leu K, Liou R, Pamplona J, Ooi YC, Salamon N, Ellingson BM, Gonzalez NR. Evaluation of Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis Efficacy Using Probabilistic Independent Component Analysis Applied to Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Perfusion MRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Mar; 38(3):507-514.
Leu K, Boxerman JL, Ellingson BM. Effects of MRI Protocol Parameters, Preload Injection Dose, Fractionation Strategies, and Leakage Correction Algorithms on the Fidelity of Dynamic-Susceptibility Contrast MRI Estimates of Relative Cerebral Blood Volume in Gliomas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Mar; 38(3):478-484.
Ellingson BM, Harris RJ, Woodworth DC, Leu K, Zaw O, Mason WP, Sahebjam S, Abrey LE, Aftab DT, Schwab GM, Hessel C, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Pope WB, Wen PY, Cloughesy TF. Baseline pretreatment contrast enhancing tumor volume including central necrosis is a prognostic factor in recurrent glioblastoma: evidence from single and multicenter trials. Neuro Oncol. 2017 01; 19(1):89-98.
Leu K, Boxerman JL, Cloughesy TF, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Liau LM, Pope WB, Ellingson BM. Improved Leakage Correction for Single-Echo Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Perfusion MRI Estimates of Relative Cerebral Blood Volume in High-Grade Gliomas by Accounting for Bidirectional Contrast Agent Exchange. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016 Aug; 37(8):1440-6.
Leu K, Boxerman JL, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Bidirectional Contrast agent leakage correction of dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC)-MRI improves cerebral blood volume estimation and survival prediction in recurrent glioblastoma treated with bevacizumab. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2016 11; 44(5):1229-1237.
Banerjee P, Leu K, Harris RJ, Cloughesy TF, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Pope WB, Bookheimer SY, Ellingson BM. Association between lesion location and language function in adult glioma using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 9:617-24.
Ellingson BM, Hirata Y, Yogi A, Karavaeva E, Leu K, Woodworth DC, Harris RJ, Enzmann DR, Wu JY, Mathern GW, Salamon N. Topographical Distribution of Epileptogenic Tubers in Patients With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex. J Child Neurol. 2016 Apr; 31(5):636-45.
Woodworth D, Mayer E, Leu K, Ashe-McNalley C, Naliboff BD, Labus JS, Tillisch K, Kutch JJ, Farmer MA, Apkarian AV, Johnson KA, Mackey SC, Ness TJ, Landis JR, Deutsch G, Harris RE, Clauw DJ, Mullins C, Ellingson BM, . Unique Microstructural Changes in the Brain Associated with Urological Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (UCPPS) Revealed by Diffusion Tensor MRI, Super-Resolution Track Density Imaging, and Statistical Parameter Mapping: A MAPP Network Neuroimaging Study. PLoS One. 2015; 10(10):e0140250.
Chang W, Pope WB, Harris RJ, Hardy AJ, Leu K, Mody RR, Nghiemphu PL, Lai A, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Diffusion MR Characteristics Following Concurrent Radiochemotherapy Predicts Progression-Free and Overall Survival in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma. Tomography. 2015 Sep; 1(1):37-43.
Karavaeva E, Harris RJ, Leu K, Shabihkhani M, Yong WH, Pope WB, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Liau LM, Chen W, Czernin J, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Relationship Between [18F]FDOPA PET Uptake, Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC), and Proliferation Rate in Recurrent Malignant Gliomas. Mol Imaging Biol. 2015 Jun; 17(3):434-42.
Kamrava M, Sepahdari AR, Leu K, Wang PC, Roberts K, Demanes DJ, McCannel T, Ellingson BM. Quantitative multiparametric MRI in uveal melanoma: increased tumor permeability may predict monosomy 3. Neuroradiology. 2015 Aug; 57(8):833-40.
Leu K, Enzmann DR, Woodworth DC, Harris RJ, Tran AN, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF, Ellingson BM. Hypervascular tumor volume estimated by comparison to a large-scale cerebral blood volume radiographic atlas predicts survival in recurrent glioblastoma treated with bevacizumab. Cancer Imaging. 2014 Nov 14; 14:31.
Savage VM, Herman AB, West GB, Leu K. Using Fractal Geometry and Universal Growth Curves as Diagnostics for Comparing Tumor Vasculature and Metabolic Rate With Healthy Tissue and for Predicting Responses to Drug Therapies. Discrete Continuous Dyn Syst Ser B. 2013 Jun; 18(4).
Leu K, Pope WB, Cloughesy TF, Lai A, Nghiemphu PL, Chen W, Liau LM, Ellingson BM. Imaging biomarkers for antiangiogenic therapy in malignant gliomas. CNS Oncol. 2013 Jan; 2(1):33-47.
Leu K, Kervio E, Obermayer B, Turk-MacLeod RM, Yuan C, Luevano JM, Chen E, Gerland U, Richert C, Chen IA. Cascade of reduced speed and accuracy after errors in enzyme-free copying of nucleic acid sequences. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Jan 09; 135(1):354-66.
Derr J, Manapat ML, Rajamani S, Leu K, Xulvi-Brunet R, Joseph I, Nowak MA, Chen IA. Prebiotically plausible mechanisms increase compositional diversity of nucleic acid sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 May; 40(10):4711-22.
Leu K, Obermayer B, Rajamani S, Gerland U, Chen IA. The prebiotic evolutionary advantage of transferring genetic information from RNA to DNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Oct; 39(18):8135-47.
Rajamani S, Ichida JK, Antal T, Treco DA, Leu K, Nowak MA, Szostak JW, Chen IA. Effect of stalling after mismatches on the error catastrophe in nonenzymatic nucleic acid replication. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Apr 28; 132(16):5880-5.