Daniel Raper, MBBS

Asst Professor Clinical
Department of Neurosurgery
Asst Professor Clinical


Assistant Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery
Director of UCSF Cerebrovascular Surgery at Regional Medical Center
Director of UCSF Interventional Stroke Service at Regional Medical Center
Co-Director, UCSF Cerebrovascular Fellowship

Dr. Daniel Raper is a neurosurgeon with subspecialty skills in Cerebrovascular surgery, Endovascular neurosurgery, and Neurosurgical innovation and research. He has been a strong advocate for incorporation of minimally invasive procedures and techniques for improving safety and efficacy of complex cerebrovascular procedures.

Dr. Raper practices at Regional Medical Center, San Jose as well as at UCSF Medical Center in San Francisco.


06/2020 - Cerebrovascular Surgery Fellowship, University of California, San Francisco
06/2019 - Neuroendovascular Fellowship, University of Virginia
06/2019 - Neurosurgery residency, University of Virginia
MBBS, 12/2010 - Medicine, University of Sydney
AB, 05/2004 - Biochemistry, Harvard University

Honors and Awards

Educator of the Year, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, 2021
Patient's Choice Award, Joe Niekro Foundation, 2021


Chintapalli R, Nguyen S, Taussky P, Grandhi R, Dammann P, Raygor K, Tonetti DA, Andersson T, White P, Ogilvy CS, Chapot R, Fox WC, Tawk RG, Lanzino G, Hanel R, Jadhav A, Hassan AE, Linfante I, Almefty R, Mascitelli J, Fargen K, Levitt MR, Burkhardt JK, Jankowitz BT, Jabbour P, Starke RM, Gross BA, Kan P, Killer-Oberpfalzer M, Rautio R, Dmytriw AA, Coulthard A, Dabus G, Raper D, Deuschl C, Kilburg C, Budohoski KP, Abla AA. Management of failed flow diversion for intracranial aneurysm beyond the first 6 months of follow-up: an international Delphi consensus. J Neurosurg. 2024 May 31; 1-10.
Heit JJ, Chaudhary N, Mascitelli JR, Al-Kawaz M, Baker A, Bulsara KR, Burkhardt JK, Marden FA, Raper D, Tjoumakaris SI, Schirmer CM, Hetts SW, SNIS Standards and Guidelines Committee, SNIS Board of Directors. Focused update to guidelines for endovascular therapy for emergent large vessel occlusion: basilar artery occlusion patients. J Neurointerv Surg. 2024 Apr 26.
Isikbay M, Caton MT, Mattay R, Han W, Cooke DL, Raper D, Winkler EA, Savastano L, Narsinh KH, Hetts SW, Amans MR. Arteriovenous shunts of the cervical spine: patient demographics, presentation, patterns of high-risk venous drainage, and updated classification. J Neurointerv Surg. 2024 Apr 11.
Al-Mufti F, Marden FA, Burkhardt JK, Raper D, Schirmer CM, Baker A, Chen PR, Bulsara KR, Narsinh KH, Amans MR, Cooper J, Yaghi S, Al-Kawaz M, Hetts SW, SNIS Standards and Guidelines Committee, SNIS Board of Directors. Endovascular therapy for anterior circulation emergent large vessel occlusion stroke in patients with large ischemic cores: a report of the SNIS Standards and Guidelines Committee. J Neurointerv Surg. 2024 Feb 23.
Ramesh R, Haddad AF, Letchuman V, Lee YM, Rinaldo L, Abla AA, Savastano LE, Raper DMS. Patient-reported outcome measures in cerebrovascular neurosurgery. J Neurosurg. 2023 Nov 24; 1-12.
Kumar JS, Dabhi N, Raper DMS, Capek S, Crowley RW, Kalani MY, Kellogg RT, Park MS. Recurrence of a large intracranial fusiform aneurysm treated with overlapping Pipeline embolization devices: illustrative case. J Neurosurg Case Lessons. 2023 Sep 18; 6(12).
Salem MM, Ravindran K, Hoang AN, Doron O, Esparza R, Raper D, Jankowitz BT, Tanweer O, Lopes D, Langer D, Nossek E, Burkhardt JK. Sonolucent Cranioplasty in Extracranial to Intracranial Bypass Surgery: Early Multicenter Experience of 44 Cases. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2023 07 01; 25(1):20-27.
Hafeez MU, Essibayi MA, Raper D, Tanweer O, Sattur M, Al-Kasab S, Burks J, Townsend R, Alsbrook D, Dumont T, Park MS, Goyal N, Arthur AS, Maier I, Mascitelli J, Starke R, Wolfe S, Fargen K, Spiotta A, Kan PT, Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm Registry (STAR) Collaborators. Predictors and outcomes of first pass efficacy in posterior circulation strokes: Insights from STAR collaboration. Interv Neuroradiol. 2022 Dec 29; 15910199221149080.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. In Reply: Commentary: The Importance of the Temporary Clip Removal Phase on Exposure to Hypoxia: On-Line Measurement of Temporal Lobe Oxygen Levels During Surgery for Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2023 03 01; 92(3):e58.
Raper DMS, Ding D. Letter: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis and International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Practice Guidelines. Neurosurgery. 2023 02 01; 92(2):e33-e34.
Letchuman V, Mittal AM, Gupta HR, Ampie L, Raper D, Armonda RA, Sheehan JP, Kellogg RT, Park MS. The Era of Onyx Embolization: A Systematic and Literature Review of Preoperative Embolization Before Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Management of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations. World Neurosurg. 2023 Feb; 170:90-98.
Raygor KP, Garcia J, Rutledge C, Tonetti DA, Raper DMS, Abla AA. The Lateral Supraorbital Craniotomy Approach for Anterior Circulation Aneurysms: A Modern Surgical Case Series in the Endovascular Era. World Neurosurg. 2022 Oct; 166:e799-e807.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. Commentary: Modern Appraisal of Patency and Complications in Cerebral Bypass Surgery: A Single Institution Experience. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2022 06 01; 22(6):e237-e238.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. Commentary: The Importance of the Temporary Clip Removal Phase on Exposure to Hypoxia: On-Line Measurement of Temporal Lobe Oxygen Levels During Surgery for Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2022 04 01; 90(4):e84-e85.
Raygor KP, Phelps RRL, Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Molinaro A, Fox CK, Gupta N, Abla AA. Socioeconomic factors associated with pediatric moyamoya disease hospitalizations: a nationwide cross-sectional study. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2022 Jun 01; 29(6):602-611.
Raper DMS, Rutledge C, Abla AA. Treatment of an infundibular aneurysm by posterior communicating origin disconnection, induced flow reversal and flow diversion after attempted surgical clipping: Case report. Interv Neuroradiol. 2023 Feb; 29(1):5-9.
Ironside N, Chen CJ, Raper D, Ding D. Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Subdural Hematoma with Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization. World Neurosurg. 2021 11; 155:193-195.
Salem MM, Kvint S, Baig AA, Monteiro A, Cortez GM, Kuhn AL, Goren O, Dalal S, Jankowitz BT, Choudhri O, Raper D, Tanweer O, Jabbour P, Kan P, Starke RM, Levy EI, Griessenauer CJ, Puri AS, Hanel R, Siddiqui AH, Burkhardt JK. Carotid artery revascularization using the Walrus balloon guide catheter: safety and feasibility from a US multicenter experience. J Neurointerv Surg. 2022 Jul; 14(7):709-717.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. Letter: Safety, Efficacy, and Durability of Stent Plus Balloon-Assisted Coiling for the Treatment of Wide-Necked Intracranial Bifurcation Aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2021 10 13; 89(5):E272-E273.
Lee S, Srivatsan A, Srinivasan VM, Chen SR, Burkhardt JK, Johnson JN, Raper DMS, Weinberg JS, Kan P. Middle meningeal artery embolization for chronic subdural hematoma in cancer patients with refractory thrombocytopenia. J Neurosurg. 2022 May 01; 136(5):1273-1277.
Frank TS, Lee JE, Starke RM, Mokin M, Colby GP, Wang AC, Johnson J, Burkhardt JK, Srinivasan V, Raper DM, Albuquerque F, Kan P. Endovascular cerebral aneurysm treatment volume during coronavirus 2019. Interv Neuroradiol. 2022 08; 28(4):391-395.
Letchuman V, Ampie L, Mastorakos P, Raper DMS, Kellogg RT, Park MS. Experimental animal models for the study of moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 09; 51(3):E4.
Flores A, Gadot R, Noorbhai I, Hall H, Heck KA, Raper DMS, Xu D, Karas P, Mandel JJ, Ropper AE. S-100-negative, GNA11 mutation-positive intramedullary meningeal melanocytoma of the thoracic spine: A radiographic challenge and histologic anomaly. Surg Neurol Int. 2021; 12:315.
Raper D, Ding D, Starke RM. Lessons learned from a failed clinical trial of chronic subdural hematoma treatment. J Neurointerv Surg. 2021 Oct; 13(10):e23.
Gadot R, Gopakumar S, Wagner K, Xu DS, Raper DMS, Burkhardt JK, Ropper AE. Foramen Magnum Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Presenting With Thoracic Myelopathy: Technical Case Report With 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2021 Jun 15; 21(1):E55-E59.
Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Jonzzon S, Raygor KP, Pereira MP, Winkler EA, Zhang L, Lawton MT, Abla AA. Sensitivity of the Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm Treatment Score (UIATS) in the Elderly: Retrospective Analysis of Ruptured Aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2021 08; 152:e673-e677.
Cotton PC, Srinivasan V, Lazaro T, Raper D, Kan P, Patel AJ, Burkhardt JK. Comparison of Simultaneous Bilateral Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) 3-Dimensional Rotational Venography (3D-RV) versus Separate Bilateral ICA 3D-RV and Postprocessing 3D-3D Fusion. World Neurosurg. 2021 08; 152:e201-e204.
Desai B, Soldozy S, Desai H, Kumar J, Shah S, Raper DM, Park MS. Erratum to Evaluating the safety and efficacy of various endovascular approaches for the treatment of infectious intracranial aneurysms: a systematic review. World Neurosurgery. Volume 144, December 2020, Pages 293-298.e15. World Neurosurg. 2021 Aug; 152:255-275.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. Commentary: Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis Averts Stroke in Atherosclerotic Patients With Border-Zone Infarct: Post Hoc Analysis From a Performance Criterion Phase II Trial. Neurosurgery. 2021 03 15; 88(4):E319-E320.
Winkler EA, Lee A, Yue JK, Raygor KP, Rutledge WC, Rubio RR, Josephson SA, Berger MS, Raper DMS, Abla AA. Endovascular embolization versus surgical clipping in a single surgeon series of basilar artery aneurysms: a complementary approach in the endovascular era. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2021 05; 163(5):1527-1540.
Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Raygor KP, Budohoski KP, Abla AA. Limited Intradural Anterior Petrosectomy for Upper Basilar Aneurysms: A Technical Note. World Neurosurg. 2021 05; 149:111-116.
Raper DMS, Abla AA. In Reply: Controversies and Advances in Adult Intracranial Bypass Surgery in 2020. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2021 02 16; 20(3):E257.
Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Rodriguez Rubio R, Winkler EA, Abla AA. Supracerebellar Infratentorial Infratrochlear Trans-Quadrangular Lobule Approach to Pontine Cavernous Malformations. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2021 02 16; 20(3):268-275.
Buell T, Ding D, Raper D, Chen CJ, Aljuboori Z, Taylor D, Wang T, Ironside N, Starke R, Liu K. Resolution of venous pressure gradient in a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement: A proof of secondary cerebral sinovenous stenosis. Surg Neurol Int. 2021; 12:14.
Raper DMS, Raygor KP, Rutledge C, Dubnicoff TB, Abla AA. Suboccipital craniectomy with bilateral cerebellomedullary fissure dissection for resection of a ruptured tonsillar/vermian AVM occupying the roof of the fourth ventricle in a pregnant patient. Neurosurg Focus Video. 2021 Jan; 4(1):V6.
Raper DMS, Rutledge WC, Winkler EA, Meisel K, Callen AL, Cooke DL, Abla AA. Controversies and Advances in Adult Intracranial Bypass Surgery in 2020. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2020 12 15; 20(1):1-7.
Raper DMS, Winkler EA, Rutledge WC, Cooke DL, Abla AA. An Update on Medications for Brain Arteriovenous Malformations. Neurosurgery. 2020 10 15; 87(5):871-878.
Raper DMS, Rutledge C, Winkler EA, Abla AA. Definitive Treatment With Microsurgical Clipping After Recurrence and Rerupture of Coiled Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2020 Sep 15; 19(4):393-402.
Callen AL, Caton MT, Rutledge C, Raper D, Narvid J, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Abla A. The Effect of Extracranial-to-Intracranial Bypass on Cerebral Vasoreactivity: A 4D Flow MRI Pilot Study. J Neuroimaging. 2020 09; 30(5):587-592.
Desai B, Soldozy S, Desai H, Kumar J, Shah S, Raper DM, Park MS. Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Various Endovascular Approaches for Treatment of Infectious Intracranial Aneurysms: A Systematic Review. World Neurosurg. 2020 12; 144:293-298.e15.
Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Winkler EA, Abla AA. Letter to the editor: "Is the unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score (UIATS) sensitive enough to detect aneurysms at risk of rupture?" Neurosurg Rev. 2021 Jun; 44(3):1795-1796.
Rutledge C, Raper D, Abla AA. In reply to the Letter to the Editor Regarding "Small Aneurysms with Low PHASES Scores Account for a Majority of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Cases". World Neurosurg. 2020 08; 140:438.
Pomeraniec IJ, Mastorakos P, Raper D, Park MS. Rerupture Following Flow Diversion of a Dissecting Aneurysm of the Vertebral Artery: Case Report and Review of the Literature. World Neurosurg. 2020 11; 143:171-179.
Raper DMS, Rutledge C, Abla AA. Letter: Aneurysm Treatment With Woven EndoBridge in the Cumulative Population of 3 Prospective, Multicenter Series: 2-Year Follow-up. Neurosurgery. 2020 07 01; 87(1):E77.
Rutledge C, Raper DMS, Abla AA. How I do it: superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass for flow augmentation and replacement. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2020 08; 162(8):1847-1851.
Li Y, Chen SH, Spiotta AM, Jabbour P, Levitt MR, Kan P, Griessenauer CJ, Arthur AS, Osbun JW, Park MS, Chalouhi N, Sweid A, Wolfe SQ, Fargen KM, Dumont AS, Dumont TM, Brunet MC, Sur S, Luther E, Strickland A, Yavagal DR, Peterson EC, Schirmer CM, Goren O, Dalal S, Weiner G, Rosengart A, Raper D, Chen CJ, Amenta P, Scullen T, Kelly CM, Young C, Nahhas M, Almallouhi E, Gunasekaran A, Pai S, Lanzino G, Brinjikji W, Abbasi M, Dornbos Iii D, Goyal N, Peterson J, El-Ghanem MH, Starke RM. Lower complication rates associated with transradial versus transfemoral flow diverting stent placement. J Neurointerv Surg. 2021 Jan; 13(1):91-95.
Rodriguez Rubio R, Raper D, Zhu H, Abla AA. Far Lateral Approach for In Situ Occlusion of Craniospinal Cervicomedullary Arteriovenous Malformation Presenting with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2020 07; 139:582.
Rutledge C, Jonzzon S, Winkler EA, Raper D, Lawton MT, Abla AA. Small Aneurysms with Low PHASES Scores Account for Most Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Cases. World Neurosurg. 2020 07; 139:e580-e584.
Raper DMS, Winkler EA, Rutledge WC, Hetts SW, Abla AA. Interhemispheric Surgical Approaches for Ruptured Intraventricular Arteriovenous Malformation-Associated Aneurysms: Technical Report and Case Series. World Neurosurg. 2020 07; 139:e618-e625.
Raper DMS, Caldwell J, Brew S, Buell TJ, Liu JY, Savage JJ, McGuinness B. A comparison of endovascular strategies in the treatment of ruptured vertebral artery aneurysms. J Clin Neurosci. 2020 May; 75:168-175.
Rubio RR, Li X, Orscelik A, Dubnicoff T, Raper D, Hervey-Jumper S, Abla AA. Supracerebellar Approach for Resection of a Falcotentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Pial Tectal Arteriovenous Malformation Component Associated with a Left Parafalcine Meningioma. World Neurosurg. 2020 05; 137:337.
Raper DMS, Rutledge WC, Winkler E, Abla AA. Spontaneous Perforation of Anterior Choroidal Artery with Resultant Pseudoaneurysm Formation: Unusual Cause of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2020 Feb; 134:141-144.
Raper DMS, Rutledge WC, Winkler EA, Abla AA. Y-Stent Technique for Treatment of Wide-Necked Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Associated with Fetal Posterior Cerebral Artery: Technical Report. World Neurosurg. 2020 Jan; 133:173-177.
Soldozy S, Patel P, Elsarrag M, Norat P, Raper DM, Sokolowski JD, Yagmurlu K, Park MS, Tvrdik P, Kalani MYS. Enhanced recovery after surgery in intramedullary and extramedullary spinal cord lesions: perioperative considerations and recommendations. Spinal Cord. 2019 Sep; 57(9):729-738.
Raper DMS, Asuzu D, Kalani MYS, Park MS. Craniotomy and direct access microcatheterization for preoperative embolization of a complex, high grade intracranial arteriovenous malformation. J Clin Neurosci. 2019 Oct; 68:333-335.
Raper DMS, Chen CJ, Kumar J, Kalani MY, Park MS. Predicting Outcomes for Cerebral Aneurysms Treated with Flow Diversion: A Comparison Between 4 Grading Scales. World Neurosurg. 2019 Aug; 128:e209-e216.
Buell TJ, Raper DMS, Ding D, Chen CJ, Wang TR, Taylor DG, Ilyas A, Kalani MYS, Park MS, Mahaney KB, Liu KC. Concurrent Venous Stenting of the Transverse and Occipito-Marginal Sinuses: An Analogy with Parallel Hemodynamic Circuits. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2019 Apr-Jun; 10(2):334-338.
Raper DMS, Mohammed N, Kalani MYS, Park MS. Left temporal craniotomy and direct microcatheterization of the middle meningeal artery for treatment of a complex temporal dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 01; 46(Suppl_2):V8.
Chen CJ, Buell TJ, Raper DMS, Park MS, Kalani MY, Ironside N, James RF, Ding D. Letter to the Editor. New biomarkers for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2019 03 22; 1-2.
Chen SH, McCarthy DJ, Sheinberg D, Hanel R, Sur S, Jabbour P, Atallah E, Chalouhi N, Dumont A, Amenta P, Hasan D, Raper D, Liu K, Jane JA, Crowley RW, Aguilar-Salinas P, Bentley J, Monteith S, Mitchell BD, Yavagal DR, Peterson EC, Starke RM. Pipeline Embolization Device for the Treatment of Intracranial Pseudoaneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jul; 127:e86-e93.
Da Mesquita S, Louveau A, Vaccari A, Smirnov I, Cornelison RC, Kingsmore KM, Contarino C, Onengut-Gumuscu S, Farber E, Raper D, Viar KE, Powell RD, Baker W, Dabhi N, Bai R, Cao R, Hu S, Rich SS, Munson JM, Lopes MB, Overall CC, Acton ST, Kipnis J. Publisher Correction: Functional aspects of meningeal lymphatics in ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Nature. 2018 12; 564(7734):E7.
Sokolowski JD, Ilyas A, Buell TJ, Taylor DG, Chen CJ, Ding D, Raper DMS, Liu KC. SMART coils for intracranial aneurysm embolization: Follow-up outcomes. J Clin Neurosci. 2019 Jan; 59:93-97.
Ilyas A, Chen CJ, Ding D, Buell TJ, Raper DMS, Lee CC, Xu Z, Sheehan JP. Radiation-Induced Changes After Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Neurosurgery. 2018 09 01; 83(3):365-376.
Da Mesquita S, Louveau A, Vaccari A, Smirnov I, Cornelison RC, Kingsmore KM, Contarino C, Onengut-Gumuscu S, Farber E, Raper D, Viar KE, Powell RD, Baker W, Dabhi N, Bai R, Cao R, Hu S, Rich SS, Munson JM, Lopes MB, Overall CC, Acton ST, Kipnis J. Functional aspects of meningeal lymphatics in ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Nature. 2018 08; 560(7717):185-191.
Zammar SG, Buell TJ, Chen CJ, Crowley RW, Ding D, Griessenauer CJ, Hoh BL, Liu KC, Ogilvy CS, Raper DM, Singla A, Thomas AJ, Cockroft KM, Simon SD. Outcomes After Off-Label Use of the Pipeline Embolization Device for Intracranial Aneurysms: A Multicenter Cohort Study. World Neurosurg. 2018 Jul; 115:e200-e205.
Raper DMS, Ding D, Buell TJ, Crowley RW, Starke RM, Liu KC. Effect of Body Mass Index on Venous Sinus Pressures in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Patients Before and After Endovascular Stenting. Neurosurgery. 2018 04 01; 82(4):555-561.
Buell TJ, Raper DM, Ding D, Chen CJ, Liu KC. Development of an Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistula after Venous Sinus Stenting for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Jul; 10(7):e15.
Ding D, Buell TJ, Raper DM, Chen CJ, Mastorakos P, Liu KC, Vollmer DG. Sylvian Arteriovenous Malformation Resection and Associated Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm Clipping: Technical Nuances of Concurrent Surgical Treatment. Cureus. 2018 Feb 07; 10(2):e2166.
Ilyas A, Buell TJ, Chen CJ, Ding D, Raper DMS, Taylor DG, Sokolowski JD, Liu KC. SMART coils for intracranial aneurysm embolization: Initial outcomes. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2018 01; 164:87-91.
Sokolowski JD, Chen CJ, Ding D, Buell TJ, Raper DM, Ironside N, Taylor DG, Starke RM, Liu K. Endovascular treatment for cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: predictors of outcome and retreatment. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Apr; 10(4):367-374.
Ding D, Buell TJ, Chen CJ, Raper DM, Liu KC, Vollmer DG. Staged Multimodality Treatment of a Large Ruptured Fusiform Supraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm: Microsurgical Clip-assisted Endovascular Coiling. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2017 Oct-Dec; 8(4):668-671.
Buell TJ, Starke RM, Ding D, Hixson HR, Raper DMS, Chen CJ, Liu KC. Venous Sinus Stenting using Transcranial Access for the Treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in a Pediatric Patient. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2017 Oct-Dec; 8(4):672-675.
Buell TJ, Raper DM, Ding D, Chen CJ, Liu KC. Development of an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula after venous sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension. BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Sep 26; 2017.
Chen CJ, Paisan G, Buell TJ, Knapp K, Ding D, Xu Z, Raper DM, Taylor DG, Dallapiazza RF, Lee CC, Sheehan JP. Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Type 1 versus Type 2 Trigeminal Neuralgias. World Neurosurg. 2017 Dec; 108:581-588.
Paisan GM, Buell TJ, Raper D, Asthagiri A. Lumbosacral Subdural Hematoma After Glioblastoma Multiforme Resection: Possible Radiographic Evidence for the Downward Migration of Intracranial Blood. World Neurosurg. 2017 Dec; 108:993.e13-993.e17.
Buell TJ, Raper DMS, Pomeraniec IJ, Ding D, Chen CJ, Taylor DG, Liu KC. Transient resolution of venous sinus stenosis after high-volume lumbar puncture in a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. J Neurosurg. 2018 07; 129(1):153-156.
Chen CJ, Wang C, Buell TJ, Ding D, Raper DM, Ironside N, Paisan GM, Starke RM, Southerland AM, Liu K, Worrall BB. Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Middle Cerebral Artery M2 Segment Occlusion: A Systematic Review. World Neurosurg. 2017 Nov; 107:684-691.
Raper D, Buell TJ, Ding D, Chen CJ, Starke RM, Liu KC. Pattern of pressure gradient alterations after venous sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension predicts stent-adjacent stenosis: a proposed classification system. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Apr; 10(4):391-395.
Buell TJ, Ramesh A, Ding D, Raper DMS, Chen CJ, Starke RM, Mukherjee S, Crowley RW. Dilated Virchow-Robin Spaces Mimicking a Brainstem Arteriovenous Malformation. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2017 Apr-Jun; 8(2):291-293.
Raper DMS, Buell TJ, Chen CJ, Ding D, Starke RM, Liu KC. Intracranial venous pressures under conscious sedation and general anesthesia. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Oct; 9(10):986-989.
Ilyas A, Chen CJ, Raper DM, Ding D, Buell T, Mastorakos P, Liu KC. Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: a systematic review. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Nov; 9(11):1086-1092.
Raper DMS, Buell TJ, Ding D, Pomeraniec IJ, Crowley RW, Liu KC. A pilot study and novel angiographic classification for superior sagittal sinus stenting in patients with non-thrombotic intracranial venous occlusive disease. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Jan; 10(1):74-77.
Chen CJ, Mastorakos P, Caruso JP, Ding D, Schmitt PJ, Buell TJ, Raper DM, Evans A, Newman SA, Jensen ME. Transorbital Approach for Endovascular Occlusion of Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas: Technical Note and Review of the Literature. Cureus. 2017 Jan 12; 9(1):e976.
Raper DMS, Ding D, Chen CJ, Buell TJ, Crowley RW, Liu KC. Patency of the vein of Labbé after venous stenting of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Jun; 9(6):587-590.
Buell TJ, Ding D, Raper DMS, Chen CJ, Hixson HR, Crowley RW, Evans AJ, Jensen ME, Liu KC. Posterior circulation perforator aneurysms: a proposed management algorithm. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Jan; 10(1):55-59.
Raper DM, Ding D, Evans E, Starke RM, Crowley RW, Liu KC, Oldfield EH, Jane JA. Clinical Features, Management Considerations and Outcomes in Case Series of Patients with Parasellar Intracranial Aneurysms Undergoing Anterior Skull Base Surgery. World Neurosurg. 2017 Mar; 99:424-432.
Raper DM, Zukas AM, Schiff D, Asthagiri AR. Geographically Remote Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Patients with Intracranial Tumors. World Neurosurg. 2017 Feb; 98:555-562.
Raper DM, Ding D, Peterson EC, Crowley RW, Liu KC, Chalouhi N, Hasan DM, Dumont AS, Jabbour P, Starke RM. Cavernous carotid aneurysms: a new treatment paradigm in the era of flow diversion. Expert Rev Neurother. 2017 02; 17(2):155-163.
Raper D, Louveau A, Kipnis J. How Do Meningeal Lymphatic Vessels Drain the CNS? Trends Neurosci. 2016 09; 39(9):581-586.
Conger JR, Ding D, Raper DM, Starke RM, Durst CR, Liu KC, Jensen ME, Evans AJ. Preoperative Embolization of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations with Silk Suture and Particles: Technical Considerations and Outcomes. J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 2016 Jun; 18(2):90-99.
Raper DM, Webster Crowley R, Liu KC, Starke RM. Endovascular techniques and devices for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a review of neurointerventional outcomes. J Neurosurg Sci. 2016 Mar; 60(1):104-15.
Ding D, Sheehan JP, Starke RM, Durst CR, Raper DM, Conger JR, Evans AJ. Embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations with silk suture particles prior to stereotactic radiosurgery. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Oct; 22(10):1643-9.
Chen CJ, Moosa S, Ding D, Raper DM, Burke RM, Lee CC, Chivukula S, Wang TR, Starke RM, Crowley RW, Liu KC. Infundibular dilations of the posterior communicating arteries: pathogenesis, anatomical variants, aneurysm formation, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Aug; 8(8):791-5.
Przybylowski CJ, Raper DM, Starke RM, Xu Z, Liu KC, Sheehan JP. Stereotactic radiosurgery of meningiomas following resection: predictors of progression. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Jan; 22(1):161-5.
Raper D, Yen CP, Mukherjee S, Sheehan J. Decreased calcification of a petroclival meningioma after gamma knife radiosurgery. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Jul 08; 2014.
Ding D, Raper DM, Starke RM. Preoperative Embolization for Intracranial Meningiomas: Selecting Optimal Targets Based on Tumor Anatomy and Angioarchitecture. Clin Neuroradiol. 2015 Sep; 25(3):327-8.
Raper DM, Starke RM, Henderson F, Ding D, Simon S, Evans AJ, Jane JA, Liu KC. Preoperative embolization of intracranial meningiomas: efficacy, technical considerations, and complications. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Sep; 35(9):1798-804.
Starke RM, Durst CR, Evans A, Ding D, Raper DM, Jensen ME, Crowley RW, Liu KC. Endovascular treatment of unruptured wide-necked intracranial aneurysms: comparison of dual microcatheter technique and stent-assisted coil embolization. J Neurointerv Surg. 2015 Apr; 7(4):256-61.
Vera E, Iorgulescu JB, Raper DM, Madhavan K, Lally BE, Morcos J, Elhammady S, Sherman J, Komotar RJ. A review of stereotactic radiosurgery practice in the management of skull base meningiomas. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2014 Jun; 75(3):152-8.
Ding D, Raper DM, Carswell AJ, Liu KC. Endovascular stenting for treatment of mycotic intracranial aneurysms. J Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jul; 21(7):1163-8.
Starke RM, Chalouhi N, Ding D, Raper DM, Mckisic MS, Owens GK, Hasan DM, Medel R, Dumont AS. Vascular smooth muscle cells in cerebral aneurysm pathogenesis. Transl Stroke Res. 2014 Jun; 5(3):338-46.
Starke RM, Raper DM, Ding D, Chalouhi N, Owens GK, Hasan DM, Medel R, Dumont AS. Tumor necrosis factor-α modulates cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture. Transl Stroke Res. 2014 Apr; 5(2):269-77.
Starke RM, Raper DM, Payne SC, Vance ML, Oldfield EH, Jane JA. Endoscopic vs microsurgical transsphenoidal surgery for acromegaly: outcomes in a concurrent series of patients using modern criteria for remission. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Aug; 98(8):3190-8.
Williams BJ, Raper DM, Godbout E, Bourne TD, Prevedello DM, Kassam AB, Park DM. Diagnosis and treatment of chordoma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2013 Jun 01; 11(6):726-31.
Patel KS, Komotar RJ, Szentirmai O, Moussazadeh N, Raper DM, Starke RM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Case-specific protocol to reduce cerebrospinal fluid leakage after endonasal endoscopic surgery. J Neurosurg. 2013 Sep; 119(3):661-8.
Slottje DF, Kim JH, Wang L, Raper DM, Shah AH, Bregy A, Furlong M, Madhavan K, Lally BE, Komotar RJ. Adjuvant whole brain radiation following resection of brain metastases. J Clin Neurosci. 2013 Jun; 20(6):771-5.
Shah AH, Patel N, Raper DM, Bregy A, Ashour R, Elhammady MS, Aziz-Sultan MA, Morcos JJ, Heros RC, Komotar RJ. The role of preoperative embolization for intracranial meningiomas. J Neurosurg. 2013 Aug; 119(2):364-72.
Gans JH, Raper DM, Shah AH, Bregy A, Heros D, Lally BE, Morcos JJ, Heros RC, Komotar RJ. The role of radiosurgery to the tumor bed after resection of brain metastases. Neurosurgery. 2013 Mar; 72(3):317-25; discussion 325-6.
Mocco J, Komotar RJ, Raper DM, Kellner CP, Connolly ES, Solomon RA. The modified pterional keyhole craniotomy for open cerebrovascular surgery: a new workhorse? J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 Nov; 74(6):400-4.
Raper DMS, Sweiss F, Almira-Suarez MI, Helm G, Sheehan JP. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor at the cerebellopontine angle treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery: case report and review of the literature. J Radiosurg SBRT. 2013; 2(2):147-153.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with anterior craniofacial and combined cranionasal resection of esthesioneuroblastomas. World Neurosurg. 2013 Jul-Aug; 80(1-2):148-59.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open repair of anterior skull base CSF leak, meningocele, and encephalocele: a systematic review of outcomes. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 Jul; 74(4):239-50.
Raper DM, Starke RM, Komotar RJ, Allan R, Connolly ES. Seizures after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a systematic review of outcomes. World Neurosurg. 2013 May-Jun; 79(5-6):682-90.
Komotar RJ, Iorgulescu JB, Raper DM, Holland EC, Beal K, Bilsky MH, Brennan CW, Tabar V, Sherman JH, Yamada Y, Gutin PH. The role of radiotherapy following gross-total resection of atypical meningiomas. J Neurosurg. 2012 Oct; 117(4):679-86.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with microscopic transsphenoidal and open transcranial resection of giant pituitary adenomas. Pituitary. 2012 Jun; 15(2):150-9.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic skull base surgery: a comprehensive comparison with open transcranial approaches. Br J Neurosurg. 2012 Oct; 26(5):637-48.
Shah AH, Madhavan K, Heros D, Raper DM, Iorgulescu JB, Lally BE, Komotar RJ. The management of incidental low-grade gliomas using magnetic resonance imaging: systematic review and optimal treatment paradigm. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec; 31(6):E12.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open transcranial resection of anterior midline skull base meningiomas. World Neurosurg. 2012 May-Jun; 77(5-6):713-24.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal compared with microscopic transsphenoidal and open transcranial resection of craniopharyngiomas. World Neurosurg. 2012 Feb; 77(2):329-41.
Komotar RJ, Starke RM, Raper DM, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The endoscope-assisted ventral approach compared with open microscope-assisted surgery for clival chordomas. World Neurosurg. 2011 Sep-Oct; 76(3-4):318-27; discussion 259-62.
Hanft SJ, Komotar RJ, Raper DM, Sisti MB, McKhann GM. Epidermoid tumors of the temporal lobe as epileptogenic foci. J Clin Neurosci. 2011 Oct; 18(10):1396-9.
Raper DM, Kokabi N, McGee-Collett M. The efficacy of antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in the prevention of early and late seizures following repair of intracranial aneurysms. J Clin Neurosci. 2011 Sep; 18(9):1174-9.
Komotar RJ, Raper DM, Starke RM, Iorgulescu JB, Gutin PH. Prophylactic antiepileptic drug therapy in patients undergoing supratentorial meningioma resection: a systematic analysis of efficacy. J Neurosurg. 2011 Sep; 115(3):483-90.
Raper DM, Wong A, McCormick PC, Lewis LD. Herpes simplex encephalitis following spinal ependymoma resection: case report and literature review. J Neurooncol. 2011 Jul; 103(3):771-6.
Kokabi N, Raper DM, Xing M, Giuffre BM. Application of imaging guidelines in patients with suspected cervical spine trauma: retrospective analysis and literature review. Emerg Radiol. 2011 Jan; 18(1):31-8.
Raper DM, Allan R. International subarachnoid trial in the long run: critical evaluation of the long-term follow-up data from the ISAT trial of clipping vs coiling for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jun; 66(6):1166-9; discussion 1169.
Komotar RJ, Kellner CP, Raper DM, Strozyk D, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Update on the natural history of intracranial atherosclerotic disease: A critical review. World J Radiol. 2010 May 28; 2(5):166-71.
Coppa ND, Raper DM, Zhang Y, Collins BT, Harter KW, Gagnon GJ, Collins SP, Jean WC. Treatment of malignant tumors of the skull base with multi-session radiosurgery. J Hematol Oncol. 2009 Apr 02; 2:16.
Raper DM, Besser M. Clinical features, management and recurrence of symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst. J Clin Neurosci. 2009 Mar; 16(3):385-9.
Chyung JH, Raper DM, Selkoe DJ. Gamma-secretase exists on the plasma membrane as an intact complex that accepts substrates and effects intramembrane cleavage. J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 11; 280(6):4383-92.