Duan Xu, PhD

Associate Professor
ASSOC PROF IN RES-HCOMP

Biography

Duan Xu, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Residence and leads the Imaging Research for Neurodevelopment Laboratory at the University of California, San Francisco Parnassus and Mission Bay. Dr. Xu obtained his BA in Integrated Science and BS in Biomedical Engineering from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois in 1999, followed by his PhD in Bioengineering from the University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley in 2005. He is a member of the Advanced Imaging Technologies Resource Group and a member of the Pediatric and Fetal Research Interest Group specializing in the baby brain.

Dr. Xu’s research focuses on investigating new MRI techniques using primary applications in pediatric neuroradiology. Another research focus is the development of new techniques for ultrahigh field MR scanners involving small animal images, in vivo and ex vivo. Dr. Xu is developing high resolution MR anatomic, diffusion, and spectroscopic techniques with unprecedented resolution in collaboration with various colleagues in Neurodevelopment Biology, Neurology, Pediatrics, Neonatology, and Physiology.

Dr. Xu is an active member of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, the American Society of Neuroradiology, the Society of Molecular Imaging, and the Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention Society.

Expertise:
MRI, diffusion, spectroscopy, pediatrics, brain, neurodevelopment

Education

Postdoctoral Studies, 2008 - Graduate Division, University of California, San Francisco
Ph.D., 2005 - Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley
BS and BA, 1999 - Biomedical Engineering and Integrated Science, Northwestern University

Honors and Awards

Distinguished Investigator, Academy of Radiology Research, 2016
MRM Distinguished Reviewer, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Journal, 2011
Surbeck Scholarship Award, University of California, San Francisco, 2006
ARCS Scholarship, ARCS Foundation, 2003
Graduate Research Award, University of California, San Francisco, 2003
NSF Graduate Fellowship Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation, 2002

Publications

Peyvandi S, Kim H, Lau J, Barkovich AJ, Campbell A, Miller S, Xu D, McQuillen P. The association between cardiac physiology, acquired brain injury, and postnatal brain growth in critical congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Aug 24.
Shapiro KA, Kim H, Mandelli ML, Rogers EE, Gano D, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Gorno-Tempini ML, Glass HC, Xu D. Early changes in brain structure correlate with language outcomes in children with neonatal encephalopathy. Neuroimage Clin. 2017; 15:572-580.
Milano M, Guzzi PH, Tymofieva O, Xu D, Hess C, Veltri P, Cannataro M. An extensive assessment of network alignment algorithms for comparison of brain connectomes. BMC Bioinformatics. 2017 Jun 06; 18(Suppl 6):235.
Barkovich MJ, Xu D, Desikan RS, Williams C, Barkovich AJ. Pediatric neuro MRI: tricks to minimize sedation. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Apr 22.
Possin KL, Kim H, Geschwind MD, Moskowitz T, Johnson ET, Sha SJ, Apple A, Xu D, Miller BL, Finkbeiner S, Hess CP, Kramer JH. Egocentric and allocentric visuospatial working memory in premotor Huntington's disease: A double dissociation with caudate and hippocampal volumes. Neuropsychologia. 2017 Jul 01; 101:57-64.
Kim H, Kim JH, Possin KL, Winer J, Geschwind MD, Xu D, Hess CP. Surface-based morphometry reveals caudate subnuclear structural damage in patients with premotor Huntington disease. Brain Imaging Behav. 2016 Oct 11.
Paredes MF, James D, Gil-Perotin S, Kim H, Cotter JA, Ng C, Sandoval K, Rowitch DH, Xu D, McQuillen PS, Garcia-Verdugo JM, Huang EJ, Alvarez-Buylla A. Extensive migration of young neurons into the infant human frontal lobe. Science. 2016 Oct 07; 354(6308).
Tymofiyeva O, Connolly CG, Ho TC, Sacchet MD, Henje Blom E, LeWinn KZ, Xu D, Yang TT. DTI-based connectome analysis of adolescents with major depressive disorder reveals hypoconnectivity of the right caudate. J Affect Disord. 2017 Jan 01; 207:18-25.
Semple BD, Sadjadi R, Carlson J, Chen Y, Xu D, Ferriero DM, Noble-Haeusslein LJ. Long-Term Anesthetic-Dependent Hypoactivity after Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries in Adolescent Mice. Dev Neurosci. 2016; 38(3):220-238.
Gano D, Ho ML, Partridge JC, Glass HC, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM. Antenatal Exposure to Magnesium Sulfate Is Associated with Reduced Cerebellar Hemorrhage in Preterm Newborns. J Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 178:68-74.
Kansagra AP, Mabray MC, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D, Hess CP. Microstructural maturation of white matter tracts in encephalopathic neonates. Clin Imaging. 2016 Sep-Oct; 40(5):1009-13.
Kim H, Lepage C, Maheshwary R, Jeon S, Evans AC, Hess CP, Barkovich AJ, Xu D. NEOCIVET: Towards accurate morphometry of neonatal gyrification and clinical applications in preterm newborns. Neuroimage. 2016 Sep; 138:28-42.
Gao J, Li X, Li Y, Zeng L, Jin C, Sun Q, Xu D, Yu B, Yang J. Differentiating T2 hyperintensity in neonatal white matter by two-compartment model of diffusional kurtosis imaging. Sci Rep. 2016 Apr 14; 6:24473.
Peyvandi S, De Santiago V, Chakkarapani E, Chau V, Campbell A, Poskitt KJ, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Miller S, McQuillen P. Association of Prenatal Diagnosis of Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Postnatal Brain Development and the Risk of Brain Injury. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 170(4):e154450.
Tam EW, Chau V, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Miller SP, Rogers EE, Grunau RE, Synnes AR, Xu D, Foong J, Brant R, Innis SM. Early postnatal docosahexaenoic acid levels and improved preterm brain development. Pediatr Res. 2016 May; 79(5):723-30.
Kim H, Gano D, Ho ML, Guo XM, Unzueta A, Hess C, Ferriero DM, Xu D, Barkovich AJ. Hindbrain regional growth in preterm newborns and its impairment in relation to brain injury. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Feb; 37(2):678-88.
Chen Y, Kim H, Bok R, Sukumar S, Mu X, Sheldon RA, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Xu D. Pyruvate to Lactate Metabolic Changes during Neurodevelopment Measured Dynamically Using Hyperpolarized 13C Imaging in Juvenile Murine Brain. Dev Neurosci. 2016; 38(1):34-40.
Wen Q, Kelley DA, Banerjee S, Lupo JM, Chang SM, Xu D, Hess CP, Nelson SJ. Clinically feasible NODDI characterization of glioma using multiband EPI at 7 T. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 9:291-9.
Chen Y, Tymofiyeva O, Hess CP, Xu D. Effects of rejecting diffusion directions on tensor-derived parameters. Neuroimage. 2015 Apr 01; 109:160-70.
Stanco A, Pla R, Vogt D, Chen Y, Mandal S, Walker J, Hunt RF, Lindtner S, Erdman CA, Pieper AA, Hamilton SP, Xu D, Baraban SC, Rubenstein JL. NPAS1 represses the generation of specific subtypes of cortical interneurons. Neuron. 2014 Dec 03; 84(5):940-53.
Gano D, Andersen SK, Partridge JC, Bonifacio SL, Xu D, Glidden DV, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Glass HC. Diminished white matter injury over time in a cohort of premature newborns. J Pediatr. 2015 Jan; 166(1):39-43.
Tymofiyeva O, Hess CP, Xu D, Barkovich AJ. Structural MRI connectome in development: challenges of the changing brain. Br J Radiol. 2014 Jul; 87(1039):20140086.
Tymofiyeva O, Ziv E, Barkovich AJ, Hess CP, Xu D. Brain without anatomy: construction and comparison of fully network-driven structural MRI connectomes. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e96196.
Liu J, Glenn OA, Xu D. Fast, free-breathing, in vivo fetal imaging using time-resolved 3D MRI technique: preliminary results. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2014 Apr; 4(2):123-8.
Ziv E, Tymofiyeva O, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Hess CP, Xu D. A machine learning approach to automated structural network analysis: application to neonatal encephalopathy. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e78824.
Dimitropoulos A, McQuillen PS, Sethi V, Moosa A, Chau V, Xu D, Brant R, Azakie A, Campbell A, Barkovich AJ, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Brain injury and development in newborns with critical congenital heart disease. Neurology. 2013 Jul 16; 81(3):241-8.
Tymofiyeva O, Hess CP, Ziv E, Lee PN, Glass HC, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D. A DTI-based template-free cortical connectome study of brain maturation. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e63310.
Dedini RD, Karacozoff AM, Shellock FG, Xu D, McClellan RT, Pekmezci M. MRI issues for ballistic objects: information obtained at 1.5-, 3- and 7-Tesla. Spine J. 2013 Jul; 13(7):815-22.
Sethi V, Tabbutt S, Dimitropoulos A, Harris KC, Chau V, Poskitt K, Campbell A, Azakie A, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP, McQuillen PS. Single-ventricle anatomy predicts delayed microstructural brain development. Pediatr Res. 2013 May; 73(5):661-7.
Xu D, Mukherjee P, Barkovich AJ. Pediatric brain injury: can DTI scalars predict functional outcome? Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Jan; 43(1):55-9.
Bian W, Harter K, Hammond-Rosenbluth KE, Lupo JM, Xu D, Kelley DA, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Pelletier D. A serial in vivo 7T magnetic resonance phase imaging study of white matter lesions in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2013 Jan; 19(1):69-75.
Glenn OA, Cuneo AA, Barkovich AJ, Hashemi Z, Bartha AI, Xu D. Malformations of cortical development: diagnostic accuracy of fetal MR imaging. Radiology. 2012 Jun; 263(3):843-55.
Tymofiyeva O, Hess CP, Ziv E, Tian N, Bonifacio SL, McQuillen PS, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D. Towards the "baby connectome": mapping the structural connectivity of the newborn brain. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e31029.
Wu B, Zhang X, Wang C, Li Y, Pang Y, Lu J, Xu D, Majumdar S, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB. Flexible transceiver array for ultrahigh field human MR imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2012 Oct; 68(4):1332-8.
Pang Y, Xie Z, Xu D, Kelley DA, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB, Zhang X. A dual-tuned quadrature volume coil with mixed ?/2 and ?/4 microstrip resonators for multinuclear MRSI at 7 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Feb; 30(2):290-8.
Wang C, Li Y, Wu B, Xu D, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB, Zhang X. A practical multinuclear transceiver volume coil for in vivo MRI/MRS at 7 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jan; 30(1):78-84.
Takanashi J, Somazawa F, Maruyama K, Terada H, Xu D, Barkovich AJ. Metabolic changes in early childhood using LCModel with corrected water scaling method. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jan; 35(1):174-80.
Pang Y, Xie Z, Li Y, Xu D, Vigneron D, Zhang X. Resonant Mode Reduction in Radiofrequency Volume Coils for Ultrahigh Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Materials (Basel). 2011 Jul 28; 4(8):1333-1344.
Jacob FD, Habas PA, Kim K, Corbett-Detig J, Xu D, Studholme C, Glenn OA. Fetal hippocampal development: analysis by magnetic resonance imaging volumetry. Pediatr Res. 2011 May; 69(5 Pt 1):425-9.
Xu D, Bonifacio SL, Charlton NN, P Vaughan C, Lu Y, Ferriero DM, Vigneron DB, Barkovich AJ. MR spectroscopy of normative premature newborns. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Feb; 33(2):306-11.
Li Y, Pang Y, Vigneron D, Glenn O, Xu D, Zhang X. Investigation of multichannel phased array performance for fetal MR imaging on 1.5T clinical MR system. Quant Imaging Med Surg. 2011 Jan 01; 1(1):24-30.
Bonifacio SL, Glass HC, Chau V, Berman JI, Xu D, Brant R, Barkovich AJ, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP, Ferriero DM. Extreme premature birth is not associated with impaired development of brain microstructure. J Pediatr. 2010 Nov; 157(5):726-32.e1.
Bonifacio SL, Glass HC, Vanderpluym J, Agrawal AT, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM. Perinatal events and early magnetic resonance imaging in therapeutic hypothermia. J Pediatr. 2011 Mar; 158(3):360-5.
Tropp J, Lupo JM, Chen A, Calderon P, McCune D, Grafendorfer T, Ozturk-Isik E, Larson PE, Hu S, Yen YF, Robb F, Bok R, Schulte R, Xu D, Hurd R, Vigneron D, Nelson S. Multi-channel metabolic imaging, with SENSE reconstruction, of hyperpolarized [1-(13)C] pyruvate in a live rat at 3.0 tesla on a clinical MR scanner. J Magn Reson. 2011 Jan; 208(1):171-7.
Kerchner GA, Hess CP, Hammond-Rosenbluth KE, Xu D, Rabinovici GD, Kelley DA, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Miller BL. Hippocampal CA1 apical neuropil atrophy in mild Alzheimer disease visualized with 7-T MRI. Neurology. 2010 Oct 12; 75(15):1381-7.
von Morze C, Kelley DA, Shepherd TM, Banerjee S, Xu D, Hess CP. Reduced field-of-view diffusion-weighted imaging of the brain at 7 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 Dec; 28(10):1541-5.
Xu D, Vigneron D. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging of the newborn brain--a technical review. Semin Perinatol. 2010 Feb; 34(1):20-7.
Xu D, Lee MC, Carballido-Gamio J, Barkovich M, Majumdar S, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. Quantitative analysis of spatial distortions of diffusion techniques at 3T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 Apr; 28(3):451-4.
Berman JI, Hamrick SE, McQuillen PS, Studholme C, Xu D, Henry RG, Hornberger LK, Glenn OA. Diffusion-weighted imaging in fetuses with severe congenital heart defects. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Feb; 32(2):E21-2.
Glenn OA, Quiroz EM, Berman JI, Studholme C, Xu D. Diffusion-weighted imaging in fetuses with unilateral cortical malformations and callosal agenesis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Jun; 31(6):1100-2.
Wu B, Wang C, Kelley DA, Xu D, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Zhang X. Shielded microstrip array for 7T human MR imaging. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2010 Jan; 29(1):179-84.
Ozturk-Isik E, Chen AP, Crane JC, Bian W, Xu D, Han ET, Chang SM, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. 3D sensitivity encoded ellipsoidal MR spectroscopic imaging of gliomas at 3T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Nov; 27(9):1249-57.
Wu B, Wang C, Krug R, Kelley DA, Xu D, Pang Y, Banerjee S, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ, Majumdar S, Zhang X. 7T human spine imaging arrays with adjustable inductive decoupling. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2010 Feb; 57(2):397-403.
Tam EW, Ferriero DM, Xu D, Berman JI, Vigneron DB, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP. Cerebellar development in the preterm neonate: effect of supratentorial brain injury. Pediatr Res. 2009 Jul; 66(1):102-6.
Schneider MM, Berman JI, Baumer FM, Glass HC, Jeng S, Jeremy RJ, Esch M, Biran V, Barkovich AJ, Studholme C, Xu D, Glenn OA. Normative apparent diffusion coefficient values in the developing fetal brain. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct; 30(9):1799-803.
Zhao J, Krug R, Xu D, Lu Y, Link TM. MRI of the spine: image quality and normal-neoplastic bone marrow contrast at 3 T versus 1.5 T. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Apr; 192(4):873-80.
Osorio JA, Xu D, Cunningham CH, Chen A, Kerr AB, Pauly JM, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. Design of cosine modulated very selective suppression pulses for MR spectroscopic imaging at 3T. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Mar; 61(3):533-40.
Metcalf M, Xu D, Okuda DT, Carvajal L, Srinivasan R, Kelley DA, Mukherjee P, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB, Pelletier D. High-resolution phased-array MRI of the human brain at 7 tesla: initial experience in multiple sclerosis patients. J Neuroimaging. 2010 Apr; 20(2):141-7.
Chen AP, Tropp J, Hurd RE, Van Criekinge M, Carvajal LG, Xu D, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB. In vivo hyperpolarized 13C MR spectroscopic imaging with 1H decoupling. J Magn Reson. 2009 Mar; 197(1):100-6.
Lupo JM, Banerjee S, Hammond KE, Kelley DA, Xu D, Chang SM, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S, Nelson SJ. GRAPPA-based susceptibility-weighted imaging of normal volunteers and patients with brain tumor at 7 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 May; 27(4):480-8.
von Morze C, Purcell DD, Banerjee S, Xu D, Mukherjee P, Kelley DA, Majumdar S, Vigneron DB. High-resolution intracranial MRA at 7T using autocalibrating parallel imaging: initial experience in vascular disease patients. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Dec; 26(10):1329-33.
Xu D, Cunningham CH, Chen AP, Li Y, Kelley DA, Mukherjee P, Pauly JM, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB. Phased array 3D MR spectroscopic imaging of the brain at 7 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Nov; 26(9):1201-6.
Chen AP, Kurhanewicz J, Bok R, Xu D, Joun D, Zhang V, Nelson SJ, Hurd RE, Vigneron DB. Feasibility of using hyperpolarized [1-13C]lactate as a substrate for in vivo metabolic 13C MRSI studies. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Jul; 26(6):721-6.
Cunningham CH, Chen AP, Lustig M, Hargreaves BA, Lupo J, Xu D, Kurhanewicz J, Hurd RE, Pauly JM, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB. Pulse sequence for dynamic volumetric imaging of hyperpolarized metabolic products. J Magn Reson. 2008 Jul; 193(1):139-46.
Banerjee S, Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Kelley DA, Xu D, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S. Rapid in vivo musculoskeletal MR with parallel imaging at 7T. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Mar; 59(3):655-60.
Krug R, Carballido-Gamio J, Banerjee S, Stahl R, Carvajal L, Xu D, Vigneron D, Kelley DA, Link TM, Majumdar S. In vivo bone and cartilage MRI using fully-balanced steady-state free-precession at 7 tesla. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Dec; 58(6):1294-8.
Miller SP, McQuillen PS, Hamrick S, Xu D, Glidden DV, Charlton N, Karl T, Azakie A, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Vigneron DB. Abnormal brain development in newborns with congenital heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2007 Nov 08; 357(19):1928-38.
Hammond KE, Lupo JM, Xu D, Metcalf M, Kelley DA, Pelletier D, Chang SM, Mukherjee P, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. Development of a robust method for generating 7.0 T multichannel phase images of the brain with application to normal volunteers and patients with neurological diseases. Neuroimage. 2008 Feb 15; 39(4):1682-92.
von Morze C, Xu D, Purcell DD, Hess CP, Mukherjee P, Saloner D, Kelley DA, Vigneron DB. Intracranial time-of-flight MR angiography at 7T with comparison to 3T. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Oct; 26(4):900-4.
Mukherjee P, Hess CP, Xu D, Han ET, Kelley DA, Vigneron DB. Development and initial evaluation of 7-T q-ball imaging of the human brain. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Feb; 26(2):171-80.
Osorio JA, Ozturk-Isik E, Xu D, Cha S, Chang S, Berger MS, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. 3D 1H MRSI of brain tumors at 3.0 Tesla using an eight-channel phased-array head coil. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jul; 26(1):23-30.
Chen AP, Cunningham CH, Ozturk-Isik E, Xu D, Hurd RE, Kelley DA, Pauly JM, Kurhanewicz J, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB. High-speed 3T MR spectroscopic imaging of prostate with flyback echo-planar encoding. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jun; 25(6):1288-92.
Carballido-Gamio J, Xu D, Newitt D, Han ET, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S. Single-shot fast spin-echo diffusion tensor imaging of the lumbar spine at 1.5 and 3 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jun; 25(5):665-70.
Li Y, Osorio JA, Ozturk-Isik E, Chen AP, Xu D, Crane JC, Cha S, Chang S, Berger MS, Vigneron DB, Nelson SJ. Considerations in applying 3D PRESS H-1 brain MRSI with an eight-channel phased-array coil at 3 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Dec; 24(10):1295-302.
Hess CP, Mukherjee P, Han ET, Xu D, Vigneron DB. Q-ball reconstruction of multimodal fiber orientations using the spherical harmonic basis. Magn Reson Med. 2006 Jul; 56(1):104-17.
Chen AP, Cunningham CH, Kurhanewicz J, Xu D, Hurd RE, Pauly JM, Carvajal L, Karpodinis K, Vigneron DB. High-resolution 3D MR spectroscopic imaging of the prostate at 3 T with the MLEV-PRESS sequence. Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Sep; 24(7):825-32.
Barkovich AJ, Miller SP, Bartha A, Newton N, Hamrick SE, Mukherjee P, Glenn OA, Xu D, Partridge JC, Ferriero DM, Vigneron DB. MR imaging, MR spectroscopy, and diffusion tensor imaging of sequential studies in neonates with encephalopathy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006 Mar; 27(3):533-47.
Lupo JM, Banerjee S, Kelley D, Xu D, Vigneron DB, Majumdar S, Nelson SJ. Partially-parallel, susceptibility-weighted MR imaging of brain vasculature at 7 Tesla using sensitivity encoding and an autocalibrating parallel technique. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006; 1:747-50.
Xu D, Chen AP, Cunningham C, Osorio JA, Nelson SJ, Vigneron DB. Spectroscopic imaging of the brain with phased-array coils at 3.0 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Jan; 24(1):69-74.
Cunningham CH, Vigneron DB, Chen AP, Xu D, Nelson SJ, Hurd RE, Kelley DA, Pauly JM. Design of flyback echo-planar readout gradients for magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Nov; 54(5):1286-9.
Cunningham CH, Vigneron DB, Marjanska M, Chen AP, Xu D, Hurd RE, Kurhanewicz J, Garwood M, Pauly JM. Sequence design for magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of prostate cancer at 3 T. Magn Reson Med. 2005 May; 53(5):1033-9.
Xu D, Henry RG, Mukherjee P, Carvajal L, Miller SP, Barkovich AJ, Vigneron DB. Single-shot fast spin-echo diffusion tensor imaging of the brain and spine with head and phased array coils at 1.5 T and 3.0 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Jul; 22(6):751-9.
Cunningham CH, Vigneron DB, Chen AP, Xu D, Hurd RE, Sailasuta N, Pauly JM. Design of symmetric-sweep spectral-spatial RF pulses for spectral editing. Magn Reson Med. 2004 Jul; 52(1):147-53.