Randall Higashida, MD

Professor
Chief of Neurointerventional Radiology
Prof of Clinical Radiology

Biography

Randall T. Higashida, MD, is a Professor of Clinical Radiology, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, and Anesthesiology at the University of California, San Francisco. He is Chief of the Division of Interventional Neurovascular Radiology at UCSF Medical Center, one of the leading institutions specializing in the minimally invasive treatment of complex cerebrovascular diseases and stroke. Dr. Higashida obtained his medical degree from the School of Medicine at Tulane University in New Orleans 1980, and completed his residency and fellowship training at UCLA Medical Center in 1984.

Currently, Dr. Higashida’s basic science research is being conducted to study newer, more innovative techniques to treat a variety of neurovascular disorders including aneurysms, vascular malformations, tumors, and vasospasm in animal models and in active clinical practice within the interventional neurovascular radiology section at UCSF. Dr. Higashida and his colleagues have pioneered many of the techniques, devices, and indications for treatment of a variety of complex neurovascular disorders.

Dr. Higashida has published over 305 scientific articles on stroke and related topics, and he authored over 122 book chapters. His articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, Stroke, American Journal of Neuroradiology, Journal of Neurosurgery, Journal of Endovascular Surgery, Lancet, Neurology, and the Journal of the American Medical Association. He is on 10 scientific editorial boards and serves as a manuscript reviewer for 9 additional journals.

Expertise:
Neuro Interventional Radiology

Specialty:
Minimally invasive treatment of complex cerebrovascular diseases and stroke

Professional Interests:
Intracranial aneurysms, angioplasty of vasospasm, management of acute hemorrhage, and intravascular closure of carotid cavernous sinus fistulas

Education and Training:
• Medical School: Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans
• Internship: Harbor University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance
• Residency: University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center - Diagnostic Radiology
• Residency: Armed Force Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Washington, DC
• Fellowship: University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center - Neuroradiology/Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
• California Medical License
• American Board of Radiology (Certified)
• Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Advanced Life Support in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
• Federal Licensure Examination for Medical Boards

Honors and Awards

Charles T. Dotter Memorial Lecture, American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology, 2005
Who’s Who in the West Outstanding Physicians, 2000-2001
The Best Doctors in America Fourth Edition, 1998-2000
Honorable Mention for the Wilson Award for Outstanding Scientific Paper Presentation, Western Neuroradiological Society, 1994
Honors in Reviewing, American Journal of Neuroradiology, 1992-1996
Cum Laude Award for Scientific Exhibit, American Society of Neuroradiology, 1985
Cum Laude and Magna Cum Laude Award, UCLA Radiological Sciences Department, 1983-1985

Publications

Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Commentary on Optimal Treatment Strategy for Tandem Stroke. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2018 Jul 09; 11(13):1300-1301.
Eskey CJ, Meyers PM, Nguyen TN, Ansari SA, Jayaraman M, McDougall CG, DeMarco JK, Gray WA, Hess DC, Higashida RT, Pandey DK, Peña C, Schumacher HC. Indications for the Performance of Intracranial Endovascular Neurointerventional Procedures: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2018 Apr 19.
Kondapavulur S, Cooke DL, Kao A, Amans MR, Alexander M, Darflinger R, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Damato B, Halbach VV, Matthay KK, Hetts SW. Estimation of intra-arterial chemotherapy distribution to the retina in pediatric retinoblastoma patients using quantitative digital subtraction angiography. Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Apr; 24(2):214-219.
Ammanuel S, Alexander MD, Damato B, Cooke DL, Halbach VV, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Improved procedural safety following protocol changes for selective ophthalmic arterial infusion of chemotherapy for treatment of ocular retinoblastoma. Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Jan 01; 1591019918755088.
Alexander MD, Rebhun JM, Hetts SW, Amans MR, Settecase F, Darflinger RJ, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Cooke DL. Technical factors affecting outcomes following endovascular treatment of posterior circulation atherosclerotic lesions. Surg Neurol Int. 2017; 8:284.
Settecase F, McCoy DB, Darflinger R, Alexander MD, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Amans MR. Improving mechanical thrombectomy time metrics in the angiography suite: Stroke cart, parallel workflows, and conscious sedation. Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Apr; 24(2):168-177.
Cooke DL, McCoy DB, Halbach VV, Hetts SW, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawson D, Nelson J, Wang CY, Kim H, Werb Z, McCulloch C, Hashimoto T, Su H, Sun Z. Endovascular Biopsy: In Vivo Cerebral Aneurysm Endothelial Cell Sampling and Gene Expression Analysis. Transl Stroke Res. 2018 Feb; 9(1):20-33.
Smith EE, Saposnik G, Biessels GJ, Doubal FN, Fornage M, Gorelick PB, Greenberg SM, Higashida RT, Kasner SE, Seshadri S. Prevention of Stroke in Patients With Silent Cerebrovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2017 Feb; 48(2):e44-e71.
Lum MA, Martin AJ, Alexander MD, McCoy DB, Cooke DL, Lillaney P, Moftakhar P, Amans MR, Settecase F, Nicholson A, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW, Saloner D, Hetts SW. Intra-Arterial MR Perfusion Imaging of Meningiomas: Comparison to Digital Subtraction Angiography and Intravenous MR Perfusion Imaging. PLoS One. 2016; 11(11):e0163554.
Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, Maluste N, Fullerton HJ, Cooke DL, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: age-related differences in clinical features, angioarchitecture, and treatment outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 18(5):602-610.
Causey MW, Amans MR, Han S, Higashida RT, Conte M. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is a rare cause of stroke after carotid endarterectomy. J Vasc Surg. 2016 Dec; 64(6):1847-1850.
Meng L, Settecase F, Xiao J, Yu Z, Flexman AM, Higashida RT. Initial clinical experience with near-infrared spectroscopy in assessing cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in cerebral vasospasm before and after intra-arterial verapamil injection. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr; 26:63-9.
Meng L, Hall M, Settecase F, Higashida RT, Gelb AW. Monitoring cerebral tissue oxygen saturation at frontal and parietal regions during carotid artery stenting. J Anesth. 2016 Apr; 30(2):340-4.
Settecase F, Nicholson AD, Amans MR, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Hetts SW. Onyx embolization of an intraosseous pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery in a patient with meningiomatosis, McCune-Albright syndrome, and gray platelet syndrome. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Mar; 17(3):324-9.
Meyers PM, Higashida RT, McDougall CG, Hussein MS, Hirsch JA, Rasmussen PA. Editorial: Discipline and training. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 124(1):9-11.
Narvid J, Amans MR, Cooke DL, Hetts SW, Dillon WP, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Spontaneous retroclival hematoma: a case series. J Neurosurg. 2016 Mar; 124(3):716-9.
Sun Z, Lawson DA, Sinclair E, Wang CY, Lai MD, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Werb Z, Su H, Cooke DL. Endovascular biopsy: Strategy for analyzing gene expression profiles of individual endothelial cells obtained from human vessels?. Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2015 Sep; 7:157-165.
Seymour ZA, Sneed PK, Gupta N, Lawton MT, Molinaro AM, Young W, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW. Volume-staged radiosurgery for large arteriovenous malformations: an evolving paradigm. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 124(1):163-74.
Alexander MD, Rebhun JM, Hetts SW, Kim AS, Nelson J, Kim H, Amans MR, Settecase F, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Cooke DL. Lesion location, stability, and pretreatment management: factors affecting outcomes of endovascular treatment for vertebrobasilar atherosclerosis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 May; 8(5):466-70.
Cooke DL, Bauer D, Sun Z, Stillson C, Nelson J, Barry D, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Su H, Saeed MM. Endovascular biopsy: Technical feasibility of novel endothelial cell harvesting devices assessed in a rabbit aneurysm model. Interv Neuroradiol. 2015 Feb; 21(1):120-8.
Moftakhar P, Cooke DL, Fullerton HJ, Ko NU, Amans MR, Narvid JA, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Extent of collateralization predicting symptomatic cerebral vasospasm among pediatric patients: correlations among angiography, transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, and clinical findings. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Mar; 15(3):282-90.
Sun Z, Su H, Long B, Sinclair E, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Cooke DL. Endothelial cell high-enrichment from endovascular biopsy sample by laser capture microdissection and fluorescence activated cell sorting. J Biotechnol. 2014 Dec 20; 192 Pt A:34-9.
Cooke DL, Stout CE, Kim WT, Kansagra AP, Yu JP, Gu A, Jewell NP, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Cerebral arterial fenestrations. Interv Neuroradiol. 2014 May-Jun; 20(3):261-74.
Chow ML, Cooke DL, Fullerton HJ, Amans MR, Narvid J, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Radiological and clinical features of vein of Galen malformations. J Neurointerv Surg. 2015 Jun; 7(6):443-8.
Amans MR, Cooke DL, Vella M, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Contrast staining on CT after DSA in ischemic stroke patients progresses to infarction and rarely hemorrhages. Interv Neuroradiol. 2014 Jan-Feb; 20(1):106-15.
Katzan IL, Spertus J, Bettger JP, Bravata DM, Reeves MJ, Smith EE, Bushnell C, Higashida RT, Hinchey JA, Holloway RG, Howard G, King RB, Krumholz HM, Lutz BJ, Yeh RW. Risk adjustment of ischemic stroke outcomes for comparing hospital performance: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014 Mar; 45(3):918-44.
Cooke DL, Stout CE, Kim WT, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Gould RG. Radiation dose reduction in intra-arterial chemotherapy infusion for intraocular retinoblastoma. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Dec; 6(10):785-9.
Amans MR, Stout C, Fox C, Narvid J, Hetts SW, Cooke DL, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, McSwain H, Halbach VV. Cerebral arteriopathy associated with Arg179His ACTA2 mutation. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Nov; 6(9):e46.
Cooke DL, Su H, Sun Z, Guo Y, Guo D, Saeed MM, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Young WL, Halbach VV. Endovascular biopsy: evaluating the feasibility of harvesting endothelial cells using detachable coils. Interv Neuroradiol. 2013 Dec; 19(4):399-408.
Amans MR, Stout C, Fox C, Narvid J, Hetts SW, Cooke DL, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, McSwain H, Halbach VV. Cerebral arteriopathy associated with Arg179His ACTA2 mutation. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Nov 29; 2013.
Higashida R, Alberts MJ, Alexander DN, Crocco TJ, Demaerschalk BM, Derdeyn CP, Goldstein LB, Jauch EC, Mayer SA, Meltzer NM, Peterson ED, Rosenwasser RH, Saver JL, Schwamm L, Summers D, Wechsler L, Wood JP. Interactions within stroke systems of care: a policy statement from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Oct; 44(10):2961-84.
Ovbiagele B, Goldstein LB, Higashida RT, Howard VJ, Johnston SC, Khavjou OA, Lackland DT, Lichtman JH, Mohl S, Sacco RL, Saver JL, Trogdon JG. Forecasting the future of stroke in the United States: a policy statement from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Aug; 44(8):2361-75.
Losey AD, Lillaney P, Martin AJ, Halbach VV, Cooke DL, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Saloner DA, Wilson MW, Saeed M, Hetts SW. Safety of retained microcatheters: an evaluation of radiofrequency heating in endovascular microcatheters with nitinol, tungsten, and polyetheretherketone braiding at 1.5 T and 3 T. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 May; 6(4):314-9.
Sacco RL, Kasner SE, Broderick JP, Caplan LR, Connors JJ, Culebras A, Elkind MS, George MG, Hamdan AD, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Janis LS, Kase CS, Kleindorfer DO, Lee JM, Moseley ME, Peterson ED, Turan TN, Valderrama AL, Vinters HV. An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2013 Jul; 44(7):2064-89.
Kansagra AP, Cooke DL, English JD, Sincic RM, Amans MR, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Hetts SW. Current trends in endovascular management of traumatic cerebrovascular injury. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Jan; 6(1):47-50.
Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell N. Randomised trial of clazosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage undergoing surgical clipping (CONSCIOUS-2). Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2013; 115:27-31.
Moftakhar P, English JD, Cooke DL, Kim WT, Stout C, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Hetts SW. Density of thrombus on admission CT predicts revascularization efficacy in large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2013 Jan; 44(1):243-5.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular acute ischemic stroke treatment. Neurology. 2012 Sep 25; 79(13 Suppl 1):S234-8.
Cooke DL, Meisel KM, Kim WT, Stout CE, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Serial angiographic appearance of segmental arterial mediolysis manifesting as vertebral, internal mammary and intra-abdominal visceral artery aneurysms in a patient presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and review of the literature. J Neurointerv Surg. 2013 Sep 01; 5(5):478-82.
Lackland DT, Elkind MS, D'Agostino R, Dhamoon MS, Goff DC, Higashida RT, McClure LA, Mitchell PH, Sacco RL, Sila CA, Smith SC, Tanne D, Tirschwell DL, Touzé E, Wechsler LR. Inclusion of stroke in cardiovascular risk prediction instruments: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2012 Jul; 43(7):1998-2027.
Connolly ES, Rabinstein AA, Carhuapoma JR, Derdeyn CP, Dion J, Higashida RT, Hoh BL, Kirkness CJ, Naidech AM, Ogilvy CS, Patel AB, Thompson BG, Vespa P. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/american Stroke Association. Stroke. 2012 Jun; 43(6):1711-37.
Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Nowbakht P, Roux S, Kassell N. Randomized trial of clazosentan in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage undergoing endovascular coiling. Stroke. 2012 Jun; 43(6):1463-9.
Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, English JD, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Douglas VC, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas and intrathecal venous drainage: correlation between digital subtraction angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical findings. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 May; 16(5):433-40.
Tatum J, Farid H, Cooke D, Fullerton H, Smith W, Higashida R, Halbach VV, Dowd C. Mechanical embolectomy for treatment of large vessel acute ischemic stroke in children. J Neurointerv Surg. 2013 Mar; 5(2):128-34.
Kishore S, Ko N, Soares BP, Higashida RT, Tong E, Bhogal S, Bredno J, Cheng SC, Wintermark M. Perfusion-CT assessment of blood-brain barrier permeability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neuroradiol. 2012 Dec; 39(5):317-25.
Ellis JA, Youngerman BE, Higashida RT, Altschul D, Meyers PM. Endovascular treatment strategies for acute ischemic stroke. Int J Stroke. 2011 Dec; 6(6):511-22.
Alexander MD, Hetts SW, Young WL, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, English JD. Supernova hemorrhage: obliterative hemorrhage of brain arteriovenous malformations following ? knife radiosurgery. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Sep; 4(5):364-7.
Eesa M, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Advances in revascularization for acute ischemic stroke treatment: an update. Expert Rev Neurother. 2011 Aug; 11(8):1125-39.
Gorelick PB, Scuteri A, Black SE, Decarli C, Greenberg SM, Iadecola C, Launer LJ, Laurent S, Lopez OL, Nyenhuis D, Petersen RC, Schneider JA, Tzourio C, Arnett DK, Bennett DA, Chui HC, Higashida RT, Lindquist R, Nilsson PM, Roman GC, Sellke FW, Seshadri S. Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia: a statement for healthcare professionals from the american heart association/american stroke association. Stroke. 2011 Sep; 42(9):2672-713.
Cooke D, Farid H, Kim W, Dowd C, Higashida R, Halbach V. Zygomatico-orbital intra-arterial melphalan infusion for intraocular retinoblastoma. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jul; 4(4):e16.
Cooke D, Tatum J, Farid H, Dowd C, Higashida R, Halbach V. Transvenous embolization of a pediatric pial arteriovenous fistula. J Neurointerv Surg. 2012 Jul; 4(4):e14.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Connolly ES, Heyer EJ, Gray WA, Higashida RT. Current status of endovascular stroke treatment. Circulation. 2011 Jun 07; 123(22):2591-601.
Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Bach D, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell N. Clazosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage undergoing surgical clipping: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial (CONSCIOUS-2). Lancet Neurol. 2011 Jul; 10(7):618-25.
Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Temporal stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Jul; 22(7):1007-11.
Macdonald RL, Higashida RT, Keller E, Mayer SA, Molyneux A, Raabe A, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Frey A, Marr A, Roux S, Kassell NF. Preventing vasospasm improves outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: rationale and design of CONSCIOUS-2 and CONSCIOUS-3 trials. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Dec; 13(3):416-24.
Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Dec; 2(4):324-40.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Dec; 2(4):312-23.
Appelboom G, Strozyk D, Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Current recommendations for endovascular interventions in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2010 Jul; 12(4):244-50.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JA, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. J Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 113(1):149-52.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Creager MA, Gupta R, McDougall CG, Pandey DK, Sacks D, Wechsler LR. Indications for the performance of intracranial endovascular neurointerventional procedures. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Jun; 2(2):177-88.
Komotar RJ, Kellner CP, Raper DM, Strozyk D, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Update on the natural history of intracranial atherosclerotic disease: A critical review. World J Radiol. 2010 May 28; 2(5):166-71.
Higashida RT, Popma JJ, Apruzzese P, Zimetbaum P. Evaluation of the medtronic exponent self-expanding carotid stent system with the medtronic guardwire temporary occlusion and aspiration system in the treatment of carotid stenosis: combined from the MAVErIC (Medtronic AVE Self-expanding CaRotid Stent System with distal protection In the treatment of Carotid stenosis) I and MAVErIC II trials. Stroke. 2010 Feb; 41(2):e102-9.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Alexander MJ, Derdeyn CP, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Moran CJ, Tarr RW, Heck DV, Hirsch JA, Jensen ME, Linfante I, McDougall CG, Nesbit GM, Rasmussen PA, Tomsick TA, Wechsler LR, Wilson JR, Zaidat OO. Performance and training standards for endovascular ischemic stroke treatment. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009 Nov-Dec; 18(6):411-5.
Latchaw RE, Alberts MJ, Lev MH, Connors JJ, Harbaugh RE, Higashida RT, Hobson R, Kidwell CS, Koroshetz WJ, Mathews V, Villablanca P, Warach S, Walters B. Recommendations for imaging of acute ischemic stroke: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2009 Nov; 40(11):3646-78.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty and stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S312-6.
Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S451-73.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S349-73.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009 Jul; 20(7 Suppl):S435-50.
Easton JD, Saver JL, Albers GW, Alberts MJ, Chaturvedi S, Feldmann E, Hatsukami TS, Higashida RT, Johnston SC, Kidwell CS, Lutsep HL, Miller E, Sacco RL. Definition and evaluation of transient ischemic attack: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and the Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease. The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this statement as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke. 2009 Jun; 40(6):2276-93.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Barnwell SL, Creager MA, Gupta R, McDougall CG, Pandey DK, Sacks D, Wechsler LR. Indications for the performance of intracranial endovascular neurointerventional procedures: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Circulation. 2009 Apr 28; 119(16):2235-49.
Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Lavine SD, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Rasmussen P, Wechsler LR. Reporting standards for angioplasty and stent-assisted angioplasty for intracranial atherosclerosis. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):e348-65.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Derdeyn CP, Nesbit GM, Sacks D, Wechsler LR, Bederson JB, Lavine SD, Rasmussen P. Reporting standards for endovascular repair of saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):e366-79.
Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging measurements in intracranial aneurysms in vivo of flow patterns, velocity fields, and wall shear stress: comparison with computational fluid dynamics. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Feb; 61(2):409-17.
Martin AJ, Baek B, Acevedo-Bolton G, Higashida RT, Comstock J, Saloner DA. MR imaging during endovascular procedures: an evaluation of the potential for catheter heating. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Jan; 61(1):45-53.
Rayz VL, Boussel L, Acevedo-Bolton G, Martin AJ, Young WL, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Saloner D. Numerical simulations of flow in cerebral aneurysms: comparison of CFD results and in vivo MRI measurements. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Oct; 130(5):051011.
Grad Y, Sievert H, Nishri B, Stone GW, Katzen BT, Yodfat O, Higashida R, Harris D, Wakhloo AK, Assaf Y, Norbash A, Bushi D, Lieber BB. A novel endovascular device for emboli rerouting: part I: evaluation in a Swine model. Stroke. 2008 Oct; 39(10):2860-6.
Boussel L, Rayz V, McCulloch C, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Aneurysm growth occurs at region of low wall shear stress: patient-specific correlation of hemodynamics and growth in a longitudinal study. Stroke. 2008 Nov; 39(11):2997-3002.
Wintermark M, Dillon WP, Smith WS, Lau BC, Chaudhary S, Liu S, Yu M, Fitch M, Chien JD, Higashida RT, Ko NU. Visual grading system for vasospasm based on perfusion CT imaging: comparisons with conventional angiography and quantitative perfusion CT. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008; 26(2):163-70.
Sila CA, Higashida RT, Clagett GP. Clinical decisions. Management of carotid stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 10; 358(15):1617-21.
Elijovich L, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Duckwiler G, Giannotta S, Johnston SC. Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the CARAT study. Stroke. 2008 May; 39(5):1501-6.
Ko NU, Rajendran P, Kim H, Rutkowski M, Pawlikowska L, Kwok PY, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Smith WS, Zaroff JG, Young WL. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism (-786T->C) and increased risk of angiographic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2008 Apr; 39(4):1103-8.
Smith WS, Sung G, Saver J, Budzik R, Duckwiler G, Liebeskind DS, Lutsep HL, Rymer MM, Higashida RT, Starkman S, Gobin YP. Mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: final results of the Multi MERCI trial. Stroke. 2008 Apr; 39(4):1205-12.
Narvid J, Hetts SW, Larsen D, Neuhaus J, Singh TP, McSwain H, Lawton MT, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae: clinical features and long-term results. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jan; 62(1):159-66; discussion 166-7.
Chaudhary SR, Ko N, Dillon WP, Yu MB, Liu S, Criqui GI, Higashida RT, Smith WS, Wintermark M. Prospective evaluation of multidetector-row CT angiography for the diagnosis of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage: a comparison with digital subtraction angiography. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008; 25(1-2):144-50.
Johnston SC, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Duckwiler GR, Gress DR. Predictors of rehemorrhage after treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the Cerebral Aneurysm Rerupture After Treatment (CARAT) study. Stroke. 2008 Jan; 39(1):120-5.
Kim H, Sidney S, McCulloch CE, Poon KY, Singh V, Johnston SC, Ko NU, Achrol AS, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Young WL. Racial/Ethnic differences in longitudinal risk of intracranial hemorrhage in brain arteriovenous malformation patients. Stroke. 2007 Sep; 38(9):2430-7.
Dispensa BP, Saloner DA, Acevedo-Bolton G, Achrol AS, Jou LD, McCulloch CE, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Ko NU, Lawton MT, Martin AJ, Quinnine N, Young WL. Estimation of fusiform intracranial aneurysm growth by serial magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jul; 26(1):177-83.
Adams HP, del Zoppo G, Alberts MJ, Bhatt DL, Brass L, Furlan A, Grubb RL, Higashida RT, Jauch EC, Kidwell C, Lyden PD, Morgenstern LB, Qureshi AI, Rosenwasser RH, Scott PA, Wijdicks EF. Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Circulation. 2007 May 22; 115(20):e478-534.
Adams HP, del Zoppo G, Alberts MJ, Bhatt DL, Brass L, Furlan A, Grubb RL, Higashida RT, Jauch EC, Kidwell C, Lyden PD, Morgenstern LB, Qureshi AI, Rosenwasser RH, Scott PA, Wijdicks EF. Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: the American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke. 2007 May; 38(5):1655-711.
Fussell D, Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT. Mechanical interventions to treat acute stroke. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2007 Jan; 7(1):21-7.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Tanji K, Higashida RT, Caplan LR. Use of stents to treat intracranial cerebrovascular disease. Annu Rev Med. 2007; 58:107-22.
Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Higashida RT. Hyperperfusion syndrome after intracranial angioplasty and stent placement. Stroke. 2006 Sep; 37(9):2210-1.
Hill MD, Kent DM, Hinchey J, Rowley H, Buchan AM, Wechsler LR, Higashida RT, Fischbein NJ, Dillon WP, Gent M, Firszt CM, Schulz GA, Furlan AJ. Sex-based differences in the effect of intra-arterial treatment of stroke: analysis of the PROACT-2 study. Stroke. 2006 Sep; 37(9):2322-5.
Acevedo-Bolton G, Jou LD, Dispensa BP, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Martin AJ, Young WL, Saloner D. Estimating the hemodynamic impact of interventional treatments of aneurysms: numerical simulation with experimental validation: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):E429-30; author reply E429-30.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Intracranial angioplasty and stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: new treatments for stroke are needed! Neuroradiology. 2006 Jun; 48(6):367-72.
Caragine LP, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulae of the ophthalmic veins treated by transvenous endovascular occlusion: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Feb; 58(1 Suppl):ONS-E170; discussion ONS-E170.
Meyers PM, Schumacher HC, Higashida RT, Leary MC, Caplan LR. Use of stents to treat extracranial cerebrovascular disease. Annu Rev Med. 2006; 57:437-54.
Higashida RT. Recent advances in the interventional treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2005; 20 Suppl 2:140-7.
Jou LD, Wong G, Dispensa B, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Young WL, Saloner D. Correlation between lumenal geometry changes and hemodynamics in fusiform intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Oct; 26(9):2357-63.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty & stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Oct; 26(9):2323-7.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Strother CM, Barr JD, Wojak JC, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial angioplasty & stenting for cerebral atherosclerosis: a position statement of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the American Society of Neuroradiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Oct; 16(10):1281-5.
Fullerton HJ, Achrol AS, Johnston SC, McCulloch CE, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Sidney S, Young WL. Long-term hemorrhage risk in children versus adults with brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2005 Oct; 36(10):2099-104.
Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Juravsky L, Meagher S. Initial clinical experience with a new self-expanding nitinol stent for the treatment of intracranial cerebral aneurysms: the Cordis Enterprise stent. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Aug; 26(7):1751-6.
Smith WS, Sung G, Starkman S, Saver JL, Kidwell CS, Gobin YP, Lutsep HL, Nesbit GM, Grobelny T, Rymer MM, Silverman IE, Higashida RT, Budzik RF, Marks MP. Safety and efficacy of mechanical embolectomy in acute ischemic stroke: results of the MERCI trial. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1432-8.
Cullen SP, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of extracranial carotid artery stenosis: update on carotid angioplasty and stenting. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2005 May; 15(2):383-95, xi.
Schumacher HC, Gupta R, Higashida RT, Meyers PM. Advances in revascularization for acute ischemic stroke treatment. Expert Rev Neurother. 2005 Mar; 5(2):189-201.
Martin AJ, Saloner DA, Roberts TP, Roberts H, Weber OM, Dillon W, Cullen S, Halbach V, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Carotid stent delivery in an XMR suite: immediate assessment of the physiologic impact of extracranial revascularization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Mar; 26(3):531-7.
Ko NU, Achrol AS, Chopra M, Saha M, Gupta D, Smith WS, Higashida RT, Young WL. Cerebral blood flow changes after endovascular treatment of cerebrovascular stenoses. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Mar; 26(3):538-42.
Ko NU, Achrol AS, Martin AJ, Chopra M, Saloner DA, Higashida RT, Young WL. Magnetic resonance perfusion tracks 133Xe cerebral blood flow changes after carotid stenting. Stroke. 2005 Mar; 36(3):676-8.
Smith WS, Dowd CF, Johnston SC, Ko NU, DeArmond SJ, Dillon WP, Setty D, Lawton MT, Young WL, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Neurotoxicity of intra-arterial papaverine preserved with chlorobutanol used for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Nov; 35(11):2518-22.
Khaw AV, Schumacher HC, Meyers PM, Gupta R, Higashida RT. Extracranial Revascularization Therapy: Angioplasty and Stenting. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2004 Jun; 6(3):179-192.
Schumacher HC, Khaw AV, Meyers PM, Gupta R, Higashida RT. Intracranial Revascularization Therapy: Angioplasty and Stenting. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2004 Jun; 6(3):193-198.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 May; 15(5):421-2.
Higashida RT, Meyers PM, Phatouros CC, Connors JJ, Barr JD, Sacks D. Reporting standards for carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. Stroke. 2004 May; 35(5):e112-34.
Ng PP, Higashida RT, Cullen SP, Malek R, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Intraarterial thrombolysis trials in acute ischemic stroke. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 Jan; 15(1 Pt 2):S77-85.
Schumacher HC, Khaw AV, Meyers PM, Gupta R, Higashida RT. Intracranial angioplasty and stent placement for cerebral atherosclerosis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2004 Jan; 15(1 Pt 2):S123-32.
Higashida RT. Intracranial stenting: which patients and when? Cleve Clin J Med. 2004 Jan; 71 Suppl 1:S50-1.
Caragine LP, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Ng PP, Higashida RT. Parallel venous channel as the recipient pouch in transverse/sigmoid sinus dural fistulae. Neurosurgery. 2003 Dec; 53(6):1261-6; discussion 1266-7.
Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Nov-Dec; 24(10):2020-34.
Ng PP, Higashida RT, Cullen S, Malek R, Halbach VV, Dowd CF. Endovascular strategies for carotid cavernous and intracerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15; 15(4):ECP1.
Jou LD, Quick CM, Young WL, Lawton MT, Higashida R, Martin A, Saloner D. Computational approach to quantifying hemodynamic forces in giant cerebral aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Oct; 24(9):1804-10.
Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 2):S321-35.
Barr JD, Connors JJ, Sacks D, Wojak JC, Becker GJ, Cardella JF, Chopko B, Dion JE, Fox AJ, Higashida RT, Hurst RW, Lewis CA, Matalon TA, Nesbit GM, Pollock JA, Russell EJ, Seidenwurm DJ, Wallace RC. Quality improvement guidelines for the performance of cervical carotid angioplasty and stent placement. Developed by a collaborative panel of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, the American Society of Neuroradiology, and the Society of Interventional Radiology. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 1):1079-93.
Higashida R, Furlan A, Roberts H, Tomsick T, Connors B, Barr J, Dillon W, Warach S, Broderick J, Tilley B, Sacks D. Trial design and reporting standards for intraarterial cerebral thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003 Sep; 14(9 Pt 2):S493-4.
Derdeyn CP, Barr JD, Berenstein A, Connors JJ, Dion JE, Duckwiler GR, Higashida RT, Strother CM, Tomsick TA, Turski P. The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT): a position statement from the Executive Committee of the American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Aug; 24(7):1404-8.
Higashida RT, Furlan AJ, Roberts H, Tomsick T, Connors B, Barr J, Dillon W, Warach S, Broderick J, Tilley B, Sacks D. Trial design and reporting standards for intra-arterial cerebral thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2003 Aug; 34(8):e109-37.
Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT. Meningiomas: the role of preoperative angiography and embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15; 15(1):E10.
Rapp JH, Pan XM, Yu B, Swanson RA, Higashida RT, Simpson P, Saloner D. Cerebral ischemia and infarction from atheroemboli <100 microm in Size. Stroke. 2003 Aug; 34(8):1976-80.
Hill MD, Rowley HA, Adler F, Eliasziw M, Furlan A, Higashida RT, Wechsler LR, Roberts HC, Dillon WP, Fischbein NJ, Firszt CM, Schulz GA, Buchan AM. Selection of acute ischemic stroke patients for intra-arterial thrombolysis with pro-urokinase by using ASPECTS. Stroke. 2003 Aug; 34(8):1925-31.
Ng PP, Halbach VV, Quinn R, Balousek P, Caragine LP, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Wilson C. Endovascular treatment for dural arteriovenous fistulae of the superior petrosal sinus. Neurosurgery. 2003 Jul; 53(1):25-32; discussion 32-3.
Ng PP, Halbach VV, Caragine LP, Dowd CF, Higashida RT. Guglielmi detachable coil extraction: suction generated by pusher-wire withdrawal after coil detachment within an intracranial aneurysm. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 May; 24(5):982-4.
Wechsler LR, Roberts R, Furlan AJ, Higashida RT, Dillon W, Roberts H, Rowley HA, Pettigrew LC, Callahan AS, Bruno A, Fayad P, Smith WS, Firszt CM, Schulz GA. Factors influencing outcome and treatment effect in PROACT II. Stroke. 2003 May; 34(5):1224-9.
Latchaw RE, Yonas H, Hunter GJ, Yuh WT, Ueda T, Sorensen AG, Sunshine JL, Biller J, Wechsler L, Higashida R, Hademenos G. Guidelines and recommendations for perfusion imaging in cerebral ischemia: A scientific statement for healthcare professionals by the writing group on perfusion imaging, from the Council on Cardiovascular Radiology of the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):1084-104.
Adams HP, Adams RJ, Brott T, del Zoppo GJ, Furlan A, Goldstein LB, Grubb RL, Higashida R, Kidwell C, Kwiatkowski TG, Marler JR, Hademenos GJ. Guidelines for the early management of patients with ischemic stroke: A scientific statement from the Stroke Council of the American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):1056-83.
Hashimoto T, Wen G, Lawton MT, Boudreau NJ, Bollen AW, Yang GY, Barbaro NM, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Young WL. Abnormal expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):925-31.
Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Barrow DL, Caplan LR, Dion JE, Hademenos G, Hopkins LN, Molyneux A, Rosenwasser RH, Vinuela F, Wilson CB. Recommendations for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Cerebrovascular Imaging of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology. Stroke. 2002 Oct; 33(10):2536-44.
Gress DR, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Van Halbach V, Finley RJ, Higashida RT. Angioplasty for intracranial symptomatic vertebrobasilar ischemia. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jul; 51(1):23-7; discussion 27-9.
Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Lempert TE, Malek AM, Phatouros CC, Lefler JE, Higashida RT. Dural carotid cavernous fistula: definitive endovascular management and long-term follow-up. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Jul; 134(1):85-92.
Roberts HC, Dillon WP, Furlan AJ, Wechsler LR, Rowley HA, Fischbein NJ, Higashida RT, Kase C, Schulz GA, Lu Y, Firszt CM. Computed tomographic findings in patients undergoing intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke due to middle cerebral artery occlusion: results from the PROACT II trial. Stroke. 2002 Jun; 33(6):1557-65.
Chun JY, McDermott MW, Lamborn KR, Wilson CB, Higashida R, Berger MS. Delayed surgical resection reduces intraoperative blood loss for embolized meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jun; 50(6):1231-5; discussion 1235-7.
Singh V, Gress DR, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Johnston SC. The learning curve for coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 May; 23(5):768-71.
Halim AX, Singh V, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Lawton MT, Gress DR, McCulloch CE, Young WL. Characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations with coexisting aneurysms: a comparison of two referral centers. Stroke. 2002 Mar; 33(3):675-9.
Phatouros CC, Meyers PM, Higashida RT, Malek AM, Lempert TE, Dowd CF, Halbach VV. Intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after extracranial carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Mar; 23(3):503-4.