Abdominal/Pelvic MRI Research Directions

Diffuse Liver Disease

Goals:

  • Developing techniques for proton MR spectroscopy of the liver which do not suffer from respiratory motion artifacts
  • Understanding the roles of in and out of phase MR imaging, proton MR spectroscopy, and MR diffusion weighting imaging play in detecting fatty liver disease and in discriminating among grades of steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis.
  • Using HRMAS spectroscopy of liver biopsy or other liver tissue samples to understand the MR visible compounds in normal and diseased liver

Sponsor:

  • NIH/NIDDK

Grants:

“Novel Magnetic Resonance Imaging And Spectroscopy In The Non-Invasive Histologic Evaluation Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease”

NIH/NIDDK

PI: Bass

Dates: 10/04 - 9/05

“Non-Invasive Evaluation of Pathology and Prediction of Outcome in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Role of MR Imaging and Spectroscopy.”

2003 Wylie J. Dodds Award - Society of Gastrointestinal Radiologists 

PI: Qayyum

Dates: 4/03 – 3/04

“Evaluation of MRI & MR Spectroscopic Markers in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease”

NIH/NIDDK: R01DK074718-01A1

PI: Qayyum

Dates: 8/1/07-7/31/2013        

Liver, Nutrition, and Carbohydrates (LINC)

Goals:

  • Determine the effect of diet on fat content in the liver

Sponsor: 

  • NIH, ADA
  • A Dietary Intervention Research Program

Overview

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) leads to the accumulation of fat in the liver or steatosis. NAFLD affects up to one third of the population.  Its prevalence is rising and parallels the increasesin obesity and type-2 diabetes.  The purpose of this research program is to determine the effects of diet on fat content in the liver.

Spectrum of NAFLDProgram Summary

Locations:

-San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH)
-CTSI Clinical Research Center (CCRC)

Eligibility:

-Male or Female aged 18-60 years
-Diagnosed with steatosis as a result of NAFLD
-Females who are not pregnant or nursing
-HIV negative, Hepatitis B/C negative

Phase 1: Baseline Evaluation

Assess current status and dietary habits.

Duration:

-One inpatient stay of 4 nights and 4 days at SFGH-CCRC

Requirements:

-Provide multiple blood draws
-Eat and drink all food provided
-Receive magnetic resonance scan (MRS/MRI) to determine liver fat
-Receive Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to determine full body composition
-Wear portable glucose meter for up to 7 days

-Compensation for completion of Phase 1: $600.00

If qualified, move onto Phase 2 

Phase 2: Dietary Intervention

Consume a weight loss diet lower in calories and of a specific nutrient composition.  After the 7 week diet, we will repeat a protocol similar to Phase 1 to determine the effects of the dietary intervention on steatosis.

Duration:
-7 week outpatient followed by one inpatient stay of 5 days and 5 nights, similar to Phase 1.

Requirements:
-We will provide you with all meals and snacks for seven weeks.  You must eat all study formulated food and drinks provided.
-Unable to eat food outside the study diet provided.
-No alcohol or calorie containing beverages.
-Receive a pedometer to wear for the duration of the program to track physical activity; the pedometer is yours to keep at the end of the program.
-Wear portable glucose meter for up to 7 days.

-Compensation for completion of Phase 2: $1400.00 

FAQs

Q: Does it cost me anything to be a part of the program?
A: There is no cost aside from the time commitment and cost of transportation to SFGH-CCRC.

Q: What are the benefits of participating in the program?
A: You may benefit from nutritional education and information regarding your actual food intake.  If you qualify and participate in Phase 2, adherence to the study diet should promote weight loss due to a 25% decrease in caloric intake.

Q: How many nights do I have to stay in the hospital?
A: There are two inpatient stays, during Phase 1 and at the end of the 7 week program during Phase 2.  You are required to stay at the CCRC during this time for a total of 4 nights for Phase 1 and 5 nights for Phase 2.

Q: Is there any risk with the DEXA?
A: There is some risk associated with the exposure to x-rays, but the exposure is 1/100th less than a regular x-ray.

Q: What is the risk associate with the MRS?
A: One of the greatest risks is if you have any metal containing objects in your body.  If you have metal containing objects (pacemakers, etc.) you cannot participate in the program.

Q: How much blood will I have to give?
A: The total amount of blood is less than 1 pint per inpatient stay.  The amount is within Red Cross guidelines.

Q: How will I get the food?
A: Your meals will be prepared fresh every two days.  You can come pick them up weekly at the CCRC and Research Staff will deliver meals to your house.

Q: What kind of diet will I be on?
A: All food provided for you will be made specifically for you in the CCRC research kitchen.  You will receive a diet composed of a specific nutrient composition.  The diet will consist of a 25% decrease in calories to promote weight loss.

Q: Can I stop being in the program at any time?
A: Yes.  You can stop at any time.  Also, you can be withdrawn from the program at any time if the study doctors believe it is in your best interest, or if you do not follow study protocol.  Compensation will be prorated to reflect your contribution to the study.

 Participation in research is voluntary.  If you refuse to participate there is no penalty or loss.

If interested in volunteering or for more
information, please contact:
(415) 206-5532
(510) 325-2391
[email protected]

Funded by National Institutes of Health
and American Diabetes Association

Visceral Adiposity, HIV and HCV

Goals:

  • Determine the relationship of visceral adiposity, HIV, HCV and its metabolic and inflammatory consequences on hepatic steatosis and its progression.

Sponsor:

  • NIH/NIAID

SHINE Study

Goals:

  • A novel 6-month weight loss program aimed at helping people make healthy diet and exercise lifestyle changes.

Sponsor:

  • NIH
  • UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine.


Shine study page at UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine

 

Grants

Visceral Adiposity, HIV, and HCV: Biologic Mediators of Hepatic Steatosis

R01 AI087176 (Tien)                                                 

The goals of this grant are to assess the effects of visceral fat, HIV and HCV infection on hepatic steatosis.

Evaluation of MRI & MR Spectroscopic Markers in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

R01 DK074718 (Qayyum)

The goals are this grant are to determine if MR imaging, spectroscopy and diffusion imaging correlate with steatosis, necroinflammation and fibrosis in NAFLD and to determine if MR imaging measures of visceral fat correlate with histopathologic parameters of disease severity.

De Novo Lipogenesis in the Pathogenesis of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

R01 DK078133 (Schwarz; Touro University)

The major goal of this project is to assess how a diet preventing hepatic de novo lipogenesis can reduce liver fat content in steatotic patients.

Metabolic Impact of Fructose Restriction in Obese Children

R01 DK089216 (Schwarz; Touro University)

The goals of this grant are to assess the effects on metabolism of reducing fructose intake in an obese pediatric population.

Metabolic and Immunologic Effects of Meditation

P01 AT005013 (Hecht, F.)

The major goal of this study is to test the effects of adding a meditation component aimed at reducing stress and increasing awareness of eating behaviors to diet and exercise in obese persons. In addition to a clinical trial, the proposal will test the effects of meditation on stress hormone patterns, metabolic pathways, and immunologic responses.