A recent Florida study, as reported in The New York Times, concluded that three times the number of surgical breast biopsies are being performed than medical guidelines call for. The authors of that study are of the opinion that three times the number of women are having unnecessary surgery, and the associated costs are in the hundreds of millions of dollars a year. That may be the experience in Florida, where the research was performed, but the common practice at UCSF is dramatically different.

Imaging of premature infants is challenging in part because they are so small. The image of entire infant can easily fit on the smallest available detector size of 8”x10”. These images are done with portable radiographic equipment that has to be carefully positioned. The infant is normally in an incubator with numerous lines for monitoring physiology that often have to be moved to acquire the image. The babies are very fragile and must be handled with great care.

Obesity is a major problem in the United States and many other countries in the world. Most people don't think of radiology as being important in the medical evaluation and treatment of obesity—but it is!

Positron emission tomography imaging (PET) has become the standard for the staging, restaging and the monitoring of treatment response in a variety of tumors. Recent studies have suggested that this technique is of value for the assessment of recurrent disease after the resection of liver or pulmonary lesions by radio-frequency ablation (RFA).

The iOS platform, and specifically the iPad device with its large screen real-estate, has generated a substantial amount of enthusiasm from a variety of users within our Radiology Department. Undeniably the most common question has been, “How can I look at medical images on these devices?” And, to date, there has not been a clear answer.

An article in the February issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology provides further support for the benefits of screening mammography starting at age 40. The Women’s Imaging Section at UCSF continues to support the American Cancer Society guidelines of annual mammography screening starting at age 40.